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Temperature and Imbibition Influence Serianthes Seed Germination Behavior

College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Guam, UOG Station, Mangilao, Guam 96923, USA
Plants 2019, 8(4), 107; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8040107
Received: 20 March 2019 / Revised: 18 April 2019 / Accepted: 19 April 2019 / Published: 21 April 2019
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Abstract

The direct role of physical dormancy in delaying germination of Serianthes grandiflora Bentham, Serianthes kanehirae Fosberg, and Serianthes nelsonii Merrill seeds has not been adequately studied, nor has the role of temperature on germination behaviors. Imbibition testing indicated seeds with scarified testa absorbed water for the duration of a 24 h imbibition period, but seeds with an intact testa stopped absorbing water after 1 h. The behavior of S. nelsonii seeds most closely matched those of S. kanehirae, with the pattern of water absorption for S. grandiflora seeds deviating from that for the other species. Scarified seeds germinated readily, with initial germination occurring by 50 h for S. nelsonii and 90 hr for the other species, and maximum germination of 80% to 90% occurring by 60 h for S. nelsonii and 100 h for the other species. Predicted optimum temperature based on a fitted quadratic model was 26 °C for S. nelsonii, 23 °C for S. grandiflora, and 22 °C for S. kanehirae. Seed respiration increased within 3 h of imbibition for scarified seeds and continued to increase in a linear pattern. The linear slope was greatest for S. nelsonii, intermediate for S. grandiflora, and least for S. kanehirae, but ultimate respiration was greatest for S. kanehirae seeds. Seed respiration was so limited for un-scarified seeds that the instrument was unable to quantify any carbon dioxide efflux. Physical dormancy in seeds of these Serianthes species is a powerful trait that spreads out the timing of seedling emergence in natural settings and controls imbibition and germination speed in managed nurseries. View Full-Text
Keywords: Physical dormancy; Serianthes grandiflora; Serianthes kanehirae; Serianthes nelsonii Physical dormancy; Serianthes grandiflora; Serianthes kanehirae; Serianthes nelsonii
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Marler, T.E. Temperature and Imbibition Influence Serianthes Seed Germination Behavior. Plants 2019, 8, 107.

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