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Plants 2018, 7(4), 104; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants7040104

On the Possible Chemical Justification of the Ethnobotanical Use of Hyptis obtusiflora in Amazonian Ecuador

1
Centro de Investigación Biomédica, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud Eugenio Espejo, Universidad Tecnológica Equinoccial, Av. Mariscal Sucre y Mariana de Jesús, Quito 170527, Ecuador
2
Department of Vegetal Biology, Ecology and Earth Science, Faculty of Sciences, University of Extremadura, 06071 Badajoz, Spain
3
Herbario Alfredo Paredes, QAP, Universidad Central de Ecuador, Quito 170129, Ecuador
4
Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Kragujevac, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 September 2018 / Revised: 16 November 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lamiaceae Species: Biology, Ecology and Practical Uses)
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Abstract

In rural areas of Latin America, Hyptis infusions are very popular. Hyptis obtusiflora extends from Mexico throughout Central America to Bolivia and Peru. It has added value in Ecuador where it has been used by different ethnic groups. We aimed to learn about the traditional knowledge of ancient Kichwa cultures about this plant, and to contrast this knowledge with the published information organized in occidental databases. We proposed to use traditional knowledge as a source of innovation for social development. Our specific objectives were to catalogue the uses of H. obtusiflora in the community, to prospect on the bibliography on a possible chemical justification for its medicinal use, to propose new products for development, and to give arguments for biodiversity conservation. An ethnobotanical survey was made and a Prisma 2009 Flow Diagram was then followed for scientific validation. We rescued data that are novel contributions for the ethnobotany at the national level. The catalogued main activity of anti-inflammation can be related to the terpene composition and the inhibition of xanthine oxidase. This opens the possibility of researching the extract of this plant as an alternative to allopurinol or uricosuric drugs. This is a concrete example of an argument for biodiversity conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hyptis; Lamiaceae; Kichwa; terpene; caryophyllene; xanthine oxidase; gut; anti-inflammatory; uricosuric Hyptis; Lamiaceae; Kichwa; terpene; caryophyllene; xanthine oxidase; gut; anti-inflammatory; uricosuric
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Luzuriaga-Quichimbo, C.X.; Blanco-Salas, J.; Cerón-Martínez, C.E.; Stanković, M.S.; Ruiz-Téllez, T. On the Possible Chemical Justification of the Ethnobotanical Use of Hyptis obtusiflora in Amazonian Ecuador. Plants 2018, 7, 104.

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