Measuring the Mechanical Properties of Plant Cell Walls
AbstractThe size, shape and stability of a plant depend on the flexibility and integrity of its cell walls, which, at the same time, need to allow cell expansion for growth, while maintaining mechanical stability. Biomechanical studies largely vanished from the focus of plant science with the rapid progress of genetics and molecular biology since the mid-twentieth century. However, the development of more sensitive measurement tools renewed the interest in plant biomechanics in recent years, not only to understand the fundamental concepts of growth and morphogenesis, but also with regard to economically important areas in agriculture, forestry and the paper industry. Recent advances have clearly demonstrated that mechanical forces play a crucial role in cell and organ morphogenesis, which ultimately define plant morphology. In this article, we will briefly review the available methods to determine the mechanical properties of cell walls, such as atomic force microscopy (AFM) and microindentation assays, and discuss their advantages and disadvantages. But we will focus on a novel methodological approach, called cellular force microscopy (CFM), and its automated successor, real-time CFM (RT-CFM). View Full-Text
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Vogler, H.; Felekis, D.; Nelson, B.J.; Grossniklaus, U. Measuring the Mechanical Properties of Plant Cell Walls. Plants 2015, 4, 167-182.
Vogler H, Felekis D, Nelson BJ, Grossniklaus U. Measuring the Mechanical Properties of Plant Cell Walls. Plants. 2015; 4(2):167-182.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vogler, Hannes; Felekis, Dimitrios; Nelson, Bradley J.; Grossniklaus, Ueli. 2015. "Measuring the Mechanical Properties of Plant Cell Walls." Plants 4, no. 2: 167-182.