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Article

Ethnomedicinal Plants in Herbal Remedies Used for Treatment of Skin Diseases by Traditional Healers in Songkhla Province, Thailand

1
Center of Antimicrobial Biomaterial Innovation-Southeast Asia and Natural Product Research Center of Excellence, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai 90110, Thailand
2
School of Health Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
3
Traditional Thai Medical Research and Innovation Center, Faculty of Traditional Thai Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai 90110, Thailand
4
Microbial Genetics, Institute of Microbiology and Infection Medicine Tübingen, University of Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonella Smeriglio
Plants 2022, 11(7), 880; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11070880
Received: 17 February 2022 / Revised: 21 March 2022 / Accepted: 23 March 2022 / Published: 25 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Phytochemistry)
Skin disorders are a worldwide health problem that normally affect human life. A traditional healer is an important expert in researching notable medicinal plants for skin disease treatment. This study aimed to determine the traditional knowledge and the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of skin diseases among traditional healers in the Songkhla province, Thailand. The ethnobotanical information was collected from experienced traditional healers by semi-structured interviews and participant observations. Plant specimens were also collected and identified using the standard taxonomic method. The data were analyzed by interpretation and descriptive statistics. Twenty-five polyherbal formulations for the treatment of skin diseases were obtained from traditional healers with at least 10 years of experience. A total of 66 plant species in 38 families were documented. Leaves and trees were the most commonly employed plant parts and plant habits included in the herbal remedies, respectively. Fabaceae, Rubiaceae, and Zingiberaceae were the majority of the cited families. Oryza sativa L. and Zingiber montanum (J. Koenig) Link ex A.Dietr. were the most preferred plants combined in the prescriptions, which had the highest use value (UV = 0.83). The highest relative frequency of citation was represented by Curcuma longa L., Eurycoma longifolia Jack, Knema globularia (Lamk.) Warb, and Senna siamea (Lam.) Irwin & Barneby. (0.55 each). This research suggests the importance of traditional healers in the healing of skin diseases with herbal remedies. A variety of medicinal plants are used in the prescriptions for the treatment of skin disorders in the Songkhla province, in the south of Thailand. Pharmacological and toxicological activities as well as phytochemical constituents of polyherbal remedies should be further investigated to scientifically verify further applications of widely practiced herbal medicines. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethnomedicinal plants; herbal remedies; skin diseases; traditional healers ethnomedicinal plants; herbal remedies; skin diseases; traditional healers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Saising, J.; Maneenoon, K.; Sakulkeo, O.; Limsuwan, S.; Götz, F.; Voravuthikunchai, S.P. Ethnomedicinal Plants in Herbal Remedies Used for Treatment of Skin Diseases by Traditional Healers in Songkhla Province, Thailand. Plants 2022, 11, 880. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11070880

AMA Style

Saising J, Maneenoon K, Sakulkeo O, Limsuwan S, Götz F, Voravuthikunchai SP. Ethnomedicinal Plants in Herbal Remedies Used for Treatment of Skin Diseases by Traditional Healers in Songkhla Province, Thailand. Plants. 2022; 11(7):880. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11070880

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saising, Jongkon, Katesarin Maneenoon, Oraphan Sakulkeo, Surasak Limsuwan, Friedrich Götz, and Supayang P. Voravuthikunchai. 2022. "Ethnomedicinal Plants in Herbal Remedies Used for Treatment of Skin Diseases by Traditional Healers in Songkhla Province, Thailand" Plants 11, no. 7: 880. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11070880

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