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Acknowledgment to Reviewers of Plants in 2021
 
 
Article

Crops on the Rocks: Production, Processing, and Storage at the Early Medieval Site of Senhora Do Barrocal (Municipality of Sátão, Central Portugal)

1
CIBIO, Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO Associate Laboratory, Campus de Vairão, University of Porto, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal
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BIOPOLIS Program in Genomics, Biodiversity and Land Planning, CIBIO, Campus de Vairão, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal
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Institute for Medieval Studies, NOVA University of Lisbon, Av. Berna 26C, 1069-061 Lisboa, Portugal
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Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Continental Environments, Campus Bridoux, University of Lorraine, Rue du Général Delestraint, 57070 Metz, France
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The British Museum, Department of Scientific Research, Museum of London Archaeology (MOLA), London WC1B 3DG, UK
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Centre for Archaeology, UNIARQ, School of Arts and Humanities, University of Lisbon, Alameda da Universidade, 1600-214 Lisboa, Portugal
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MHNC-UP, Natural History and Science Museum of the University of Porto, Campo dos Mártires da Pátria, 81, 4050-368 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mariano Ucchesu, Giovanna Bosi and Marco Sarigu
Plants 2022, 11(4), 471; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11040471
Received: 30 December 2021 / Revised: 1 February 2022 / Accepted: 4 February 2022 / Published: 9 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crops and Agriculture in Medieval Age in Europe)
Small rural places are largely absent from early medieval written sources, but they were profuse and relevant in regional settlements and economies. Only through archaeological and archaeobotanical investigation is it possible to unveil their structure and productive strategies; however, this kind of investigation is still uncommon in Iberia. Here, the assemblage of fruits/seeds, wood charcoal, and food remains from Senhora do Barrocal (SB) (Sátão, Portugal) will be presented and discussed in order to understand the crop production, processing, and storage. The site was destroyed by a fire somewhere between the 10th and the 11th centuries AD, which allowed the preservation of abundant plant remains in a storage area. Charcoal analyses suggest that the building was made with oak and chestnut timber. The massive fruits/seeds assemblage was dominated by cereals, mostly oat and rye, but also barley, millet, and naked wheat, some fully dehusked, others still hulled. Furthermore, evidence of food products has also been found, suggesting that the area was used for the storage of multiple foods and crops at different processing stages. SB is a good example of how communities adopted a diverse set of crops and multifaceted storage strategies to prevent food shortages and to endure in a harsh environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruits/seeds; charcoal analysis; food remains; Middle Ages; western Iberia fruits/seeds; charcoal analysis; food remains; Middle Ages; western Iberia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Seabra, L.; Tente, C.; Vaz, F.C.; Oliveira, C.; González Carretero, L.; Tereso, J.P. Crops on the Rocks: Production, Processing, and Storage at the Early Medieval Site of Senhora Do Barrocal (Municipality of Sátão, Central Portugal). Plants 2022, 11, 471. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11040471

AMA Style

Seabra L, Tente C, Vaz FC, Oliveira C, González Carretero L, Tereso JP. Crops on the Rocks: Production, Processing, and Storage at the Early Medieval Site of Senhora Do Barrocal (Municipality of Sátão, Central Portugal). Plants. 2022; 11(4):471. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11040471

Chicago/Turabian Style

Seabra, Luís, Catarina Tente, Filipe Costa Vaz, Cláudia Oliveira, Lara González Carretero, and João Pedro Tereso. 2022. "Crops on the Rocks: Production, Processing, and Storage at the Early Medieval Site of Senhora Do Barrocal (Municipality of Sátão, Central Portugal)" Plants 11, no. 4: 471. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11040471

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