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Genetic Diversity and Utilization of Cultivated Eggplant Germplasm in Varietal Improvement

1
Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Malaysia
2
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Malaysia
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Department of Agriculture, Faculty Technical and Vocational, Sultan Idris Education University, Tanjung Malim 35900, Malaysia
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Departments of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Ibadan, Bodija 200284, Nigeria
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Department of Zoology, University of Lagos, Yaba 101017, Nigeria
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Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Computing and Applied Sciences, Baze University, Abuja 900102, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kazuo N. Watanabe, Jorge Cadena-Iñiguez and Akiko Hashiguchi
Plants 2021, 10(8), 1714; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10081714
Received: 27 July 2021 / Revised: 12 August 2021 / Accepted: 13 August 2021 / Published: 20 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Status and Issues in Underutilized Crops Research)
Eggplant is the fifth economically most important vegetable in the Solanaceae family after tomato, potato, chili, and tobacco. Apart from the well-cultivated brinjal or aubergine eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), two other underutilized eggplant species, the African eggplant (S. macrocarpon L.) and the scarlet eggplant (S. aethiopicum L.), were also cultivated with local importance where the leaves and fruits are used for food and medicinal purposes. The major objectives of the eggplant breeding program are to improve fruit quality, increase yield performance through heterosis breeding, and introduce pest and disease resistances from wild relatives. Europe and Asia hold a wide collection of germplasm resources with significant potential for genetic improvement. While cultivated eggplant is susceptible to several fungi and bacteria, many wild relatives offer potential resistance to these pathogens. In this paper, we review the genetic resources and diversity of cultivated eggplant and its wild relatives. As a point of departure, we examine the economic importance, domestication, taxonomy characterization, and relationships of the crop and its wild relatives. The importance of evaluating and safeguarding wild relatives is highlighted, as crop wild relatives are highly underrepresented. A key section in this study is an overview dedicated to genetic resources, resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, pre-breeding, and breeding for sustainable eggplant production. View Full-Text
Keywords: diversity; genetic resources; morphological characterization; taxonomy; varietal improvement diversity; genetic resources; morphological characterization; taxonomy; varietal improvement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oladosu, Y.; Rafii, M.Y.; Arolu, F.; Chukwu, S.C.; Salisu, M.A.; Olaniyan, B.A.; Fagbohun, I.K.; Muftaudeen, T.K. Genetic Diversity and Utilization of Cultivated Eggplant Germplasm in Varietal Improvement. Plants 2021, 10, 1714. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10081714

AMA Style

Oladosu Y, Rafii MY, Arolu F, Chukwu SC, Salisu MA, Olaniyan BA, Fagbohun IK, Muftaudeen TK. Genetic Diversity and Utilization of Cultivated Eggplant Germplasm in Varietal Improvement. Plants. 2021; 10(8):1714. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10081714

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oladosu, Yusuff, Mohd Y. Rafii, Fatai Arolu, Samuel C. Chukwu, Monsuru A. Salisu, Bolanle A. Olaniyan, Ifeoluwa K. Fagbohun, and Taoheed K. Muftaudeen 2021. "Genetic Diversity and Utilization of Cultivated Eggplant Germplasm in Varietal Improvement" Plants 10, no. 8: 1714. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10081714

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