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Impacts of Agriculture on the Environment and Soil Microbial Biodiversity

1
Department of Microbiology, Institute for Water Research, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
2
Doctor of Philosophy Program in Applied Microbiology (International Program), Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
3
Graduate School, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
4
Research Center of Excellence in Bioresources for Agriculture, Industry and Medicine, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Othmane Merah
Plants 2021, 10(11), 2325; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10112325
Received: 7 September 2021 / Revised: 13 October 2021 / Accepted: 25 October 2021 / Published: 28 October 2021
Agriculture represents an important mechanism in terms of reducing plant, animal, and microbial biodiversity and altering the environment. The pressure to cope with the increasing food demands of the human population has intensified the environmental impact, and alternative ways to produce food are required in order to minimize the decrease in biodiversity. Conventional agricultural practices, such as floods and irrigation systems; the removal of undesired vegetation by fires, tilling, and plowing; the use of herbicides, fertilizers, and pesticides; and the intensification of these practices over the last 50 years, have led to one of the most important environmental threats—a major loss of biodiversity. In this study, we review the impact that agriculture and its intensification have had on the environment and biodiversity since its invention. Moreover, we demonstrate how these impacts could be reduced through the use of microorganisms as biostimulants. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiversity; agriculture; biostimulants; environmental threats biodiversity; agriculture; biostimulants; environmental threats
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barros-Rodríguez, A.; Rangseekaew, P.; Lasudee, K.; Pathom-aree, W.; Manzanera, M. Impacts of Agriculture on the Environment and Soil Microbial Biodiversity. Plants 2021, 10, 2325. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10112325

AMA Style

Barros-Rodríguez A, Rangseekaew P, Lasudee K, Pathom-aree W, Manzanera M. Impacts of Agriculture on the Environment and Soil Microbial Biodiversity. Plants. 2021; 10(11):2325. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10112325

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barros-Rodríguez, Adoración, Pharada Rangseekaew, Krisana Lasudee, Wasu Pathom-aree, and Maximino Manzanera. 2021. "Impacts of Agriculture on the Environment and Soil Microbial Biodiversity" Plants 10, no. 11: 2325. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10112325

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