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Article

Increase of Productivity and Neutralization of Pathological Processes in Plants of Grain and Fruit Crops with the Help of Aqueous Solutions Activated by Plasma of High-Frequency Glow Discharge

1
Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia
2
Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia
3
Federal Scientific Center for Agroecology, Integrated Land Reclamation and Protective Afforestation of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 400062 Volgograd, Russia
4
Federal Research Center Kazan Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, 420008 Kazan, Russia
5
All-Russian Phytopathology Research Institute, 143050 Big Vyazyomy, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vida Mildažienė and Božena Šerá
Plants 2021, 10(10), 2161; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10102161
Received: 25 September 2021 / Revised: 7 October 2021 / Accepted: 8 October 2021 / Published: 12 October 2021
In this work, we, for the first time, manufactured a plasma-chemical reactor operating at a frequency of 0.11 MHz. The reactor allows for the activation of large volumes of liquids in a short time. The physicochemical properties of activated liquids (concentration of hydrogen peroxide, nitrate anions, redox potential, electrical conductivity, pH, concentration of dissolved gases) are characterized in detail. Antifungal activity of aqueous solutions activated by a glow discharge has been investigated. It was shown that aqueous solutions activated by a glow discharge significantly reduce the degree of presence of phytopathogens and their effect on the germination of such seeds. Seeds of cereals (sorghum and barley) and fruit (strawberries) crops were studied. The greatest positive effect was found in the treatment of sorghum seeds. Moreover, laboratory tests have shown a significant increase in sorghum drought tolerance. The effectiveness of the use of glow-discharge-activated aqueous solutions was shown during a field experiment, which was set up in the saline semi-desert of the Northern Caspian region. Thus, the technology developed by us makes it possible to carry out the activation of aqueous solutions on an industrial scale. Water activated by a glow discharge exhibits antifungicidal activity and significantly accelerates the development of the grain and fruit crops we studied. In the case of sorghum culture, glow-discharge-activated water significantly increases drought resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-frequency glow discharge; low temperature plasma; fusarium; PAW; germination of seeds; plant resistance high-frequency glow discharge; low temperature plasma; fusarium; PAW; germination of seeds; plant resistance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Danilejko, Y.K.; Belov, S.V.; Egorov, A.B.; Lukanin, V.I.; Sidorov, V.A.; Apasheva, L.M.; Dushkov, V.Y.; Budnik, M.I.; Belyakov, A.M.; Kulik, K.N.; Validov, S.; Yanykin, D.V.; Astashev, M.E.; Sarimov, R.M.; Kalinichenko, V.P.; Glinushkin, A.P.; Gudkov, S.V. Increase of Productivity and Neutralization of Pathological Processes in Plants of Grain and Fruit Crops with the Help of Aqueous Solutions Activated by Plasma of High-Frequency Glow Discharge. Plants 2021, 10, 2161. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10102161

AMA Style

Danilejko YK, Belov SV, Egorov AB, Lukanin VI, Sidorov VA, Apasheva LM, Dushkov VY, Budnik MI, Belyakov AM, Kulik KN, Validov S, Yanykin DV, Astashev ME, Sarimov RM, Kalinichenko VP, Glinushkin AP, Gudkov SV. Increase of Productivity and Neutralization of Pathological Processes in Plants of Grain and Fruit Crops with the Help of Aqueous Solutions Activated by Plasma of High-Frequency Glow Discharge. Plants. 2021; 10(10):2161. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10102161

Chicago/Turabian Style

Danilejko, Yuri K., Sergey V. Belov, Alexey B. Egorov, Vladimir I. Lukanin, Vladimir A. Sidorov, Lyubov M. Apasheva, Vladimir Y. Dushkov, Mikhail I. Budnik, Alexander M. Belyakov, Konstantin N. Kulik, Shamil Validov, Denis V. Yanykin, Maxim E. Astashev, Ruslan M. Sarimov, Valery P. Kalinichenko, Alexey P. Glinushkin, and Sergey V. Gudkov 2021. "Increase of Productivity and Neutralization of Pathological Processes in Plants of Grain and Fruit Crops with the Help of Aqueous Solutions Activated by Plasma of High-Frequency Glow Discharge" Plants 10, no. 10: 2161. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10102161

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