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Open AccessArticle

Relationship between Vessel Formation and Seasonal Changes in Leaf Area of Evergreen and Deciduous Species with Different Vessel Arrangements

1
Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shimane University, Nishikawatsu-cho, Matsue-shi, Shimane 690-8504, Japan
2
Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Oiwake-cho Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
3
Field Science Education and Research Center, Kyoto University, Oiwake-cho Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2021, 10(1), 100; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010100
Received: 4 November 2020 / Revised: 23 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 6 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Anatomy and Biochemistry)
To discuss the diversity of morphological traits and life strategies of trees, the functional relationship between leaf expansion and vessel formation must be clarified. We compared the temporal relationship among tree species with different leaf habits and vessel arrangements. Twigs, leaves, and trunk core samples were periodically acquired from 35 sample trees of nine species in a temperate forest in Japan. We quantitatively estimated leaf expansion using a nonlinear regression model and observed thin sections of twigs and trunks with a light microscope. Almost all of the first-formed vessels in twigs, which formed adjacent to the annual ring border, were lignified with a leaf area between 0% and 70% of the maximum in all species. The first-formed vessels in trunks lignified between 0% and 95% of the maximum leaf area in ring-porous deciduous Quercus serrata and ring-(radial-)porous evergreen Castanopsis cuspidate. Their lignification occurred earlier than in diffuse-porous deciduous Liquidambar styraciflua, diffuse-porous evergreen Cinnamomum camphora and Symplocos prunifolia, and radial-porous evergreen Quercus glauca and Quercus myrsinifolia. The timing varied in semi-ring-porous deciduous Acanthopanax sciadophylloides and diffuse-porous evergreen Ilex pedunculosa. The observed differences in the timing of vessel formation after leaf appearance were reflected in their differing vessel porosities and were connected to the different life strategies among tree species. View Full-Text
Keywords: diffuse-porous tree; leaf appearance; quantitative leaf phenology; Richards’ growth function; radial-porous tree; ring-porous tree; semi-ring porous trees; time course of leaf area; vessel arrangement; vessel porosity diffuse-porous tree; leaf appearance; quantitative leaf phenology; Richards’ growth function; radial-porous tree; ring-porous tree; semi-ring porous trees; time course of leaf area; vessel arrangement; vessel porosity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Takahashi, S.; Takahashi, E. Relationship between Vessel Formation and Seasonal Changes in Leaf Area of Evergreen and Deciduous Species with Different Vessel Arrangements. Plants 2021, 10, 100. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010100

AMA Style

Takahashi S, Takahashi E. Relationship between Vessel Formation and Seasonal Changes in Leaf Area of Evergreen and Deciduous Species with Different Vessel Arrangements. Plants. 2021; 10(1):100. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010100

Chicago/Turabian Style

Takahashi, Sayaka; Takahashi, Erina. 2021. "Relationship between Vessel Formation and Seasonal Changes in Leaf Area of Evergreen and Deciduous Species with Different Vessel Arrangements" Plants 10, no. 1: 100. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010100

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