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Open AccessArticle

Urban Green Accessibility Index: A Measure of Pedestrian-Centered Accessibility to Every Green Point in an Urban Area

KAIST Urban Design Lab, KAIST Smart City Research Center, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, KAIST, Daejeon 34141, Korea
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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(10), 586; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9100586
Received: 22 July 2020 / Revised: 19 September 2020 / Accepted: 4 October 2020 / Published: 6 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geodata Science and Spatial Analysis in Urban Studies)
Advancements in remote sensing techniques and urban data analysis tools have enabled the successful monitoring and detection of green spaces in a city. This study aims to develop an index called the urban green accessibility (UGA) index, which measures people’s accessibility to green space and represents the citywide or local characteristics of the distribution pattern of green space. The index is defined as the sum of pedestrians’ accessibility to all vegetation points, which consists of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) with integration and choice values from angular segment analysis. In this study, the proposed index is tested with cases of New York, NY, and San Francisco, CA, in the US. The results reveal differences based on the significance of streets. When analysis ranges are on a neighborhood scale, a few hotspots appear in well-known green areas on commonly accessible streets and in local neighborhood parks on residential blocks. The appearance of high-accessibility points in low-NDVI areas implies the potential of the efficient and proper distribution of green spaces for pedestrians. The proposed measure is expected to help in planning and managing green areas in cities, taking people’s accessibility and spatial relationships into consideration. View Full-Text
Keywords: green space; urban management; network analysis; aerial image; pedestrian green space; urban management; network analysis; aerial image; pedestrian
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Jang, K.M.; Kim, J.; Lee, H.-Y.; Cho, H.; Kim, Y. Urban Green Accessibility Index: A Measure of Pedestrian-Centered Accessibility to Every Green Point in an Urban Area. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 586.

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