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Harmonising the OGC Standards for the Built Environment: A CityGML Extension for LandInfra

3D Geoinformation, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 134, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(6), 246;
Received: 8 April 2019 / Revised: 18 May 2019 / Accepted: 26 May 2019 / Published: 29 May 2019
PDF [9726 KB, uploaded 29 May 2019]


The relatively new Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard LandInfra documents in its data model land and civil engineering infrastructure features. It has a Geography Markup Language (GML) implementation, OGC InfraGML, which has essentially no software support and is rarely used in practice. In order to share the benefits of LandInfra (and InfraGML) with a wider public, we have created the Infra Application Domain Extension (ADE), a CityGML ADE that allows us to store LandInfra features in CityGML. In this paper, we semantically map LandInfra to CityGML, describe our ADE, and discuss a few used cases where our ADE can be useful for applications for the built environment. We also provide software to automatically convert datasets from InfraGML to CityGML (and our ADE), and vice versa, as well as to validate them, which will help practitioners generate real-world InfraGML datasets. View Full-Text
Keywords: Infra ADE; LandInfra; InfraGML; CityGML; GIS; 3D city models Infra ADE; LandInfra; InfraGML; CityGML; GIS; 3D city models

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Kumar, K.; Labetski, A.; Ohori, K.A.; Ledoux, H.; Stoter, J. Harmonising the OGC Standards for the Built Environment: A CityGML Extension for LandInfra. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 246.

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