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Evaluating a Fit-For-Purpose Integrated Service-Oriented Land and Climate Change Information System for Mountain Community Adaptation

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Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
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Swinburne Business School, Swinburne University of Technology, P.O. Box 218, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(9), 343; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7090343
Received: 24 June 2018 / Revised: 6 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 23 August 2018
Climate change challenges mountain communities to prepare themselves via Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) plans that reduce vulnerability. This paper outlines the evaluation of a developed web-based information system to support CBA, referred to as a Mountain Community Adaptive System (MCAS). The web-based user interface visualizes collated data from data providers, integrating it with near real-time climate and weather datasets. The interface provides more up-to-date information than was previously available on the environment, particularly on land and climate. MCAS, a cloud-based Land Information System (LIS), was developed using an Agile-inspired approach offering system creation based on bare minimum system requirements and iterative development. The system was tested against Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration (FFP LA) criteria to assess the effectiveness in a case from Nepal. The results illustrate that an MCAS-style system can provide useful information such as land use status, adaptation options, near real-time rainfall and temperature details, amongst others, to enable services that can enhance CBA activities. The information can facilitate improved CBA planning and implementation at the mountain community level. Despite the mentioned benefits of MCAS, ensuring system access was identified as a key limitation: smartphones and mobile technologies still remain prohibitively expensive for members of mountain communities, and underlying information communication technology (ICT) infrastructures remain under-developed in the assessed mountain communities. The results of the evaluation further suggest that the land-related aspects of climate change should be added to CBA initiatives. Similarly, existing LIS could have functionalities extended to include climate-related variables that impact on land use, tenure, and development. View Full-Text
Keywords: Integrated Land Information System; climate adaptation services; mountain community; Agile-inspired approach; Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration Integrated Land Information System; climate adaptation services; mountain community; Agile-inspired approach; Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration
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Khezri, A.; Bennett, R.; Zevenbergen, J. Evaluating a Fit-For-Purpose Integrated Service-Oriented Land and Climate Change Information System for Mountain Community Adaptation. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 343.

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