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Open AccessArticle

Using GIS for Determining Variations in Health Access in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Environmental Design, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(7), 254;
Received: 25 May 2018 / Revised: 25 June 2018 / Accepted: 26 June 2018 / Published: 28 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geoprocessing in Public and Environmental Health)
PDF [3312 KB, uploaded 28 June 2018]


The main objective of this paper is to use Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for identifying spatial accessibility to health centers in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia based on the drive-time analysis technique. A geo-database was created that includes the location of health centers, population distribution, and road networks. ArcGIS Network Analyst and overlay analyses were selected as the analysis tools for this paper. The results of the paper indicate that health centers that are located in the northern districts of Jeddah City have fewer registered patients. There are several areas of Jeddah City that have low accessibility to health centers because they fall outside the 30 min drive-time service area. These are located mainly in western, central, and northern city districts. Local health planners in Jeddah City can use the created application to allocate additional health centers in these less-served districts. View Full-Text
Keywords: GIS; health centers; network analysis; drive-time GIS; health centers; network analysis; drive-time

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Murad, A. Using GIS for Determining Variations in Health Access in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 254.

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