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Revealing Recurrent Urban Congestion Evolution Patterns with Taxi Trajectories

School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(4), 128;
Received: 4 February 2018 / Revised: 10 March 2018 / Accepted: 17 March 2018 / Published: 21 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geospatial Big Data and Urban Studies)
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Urban congestion can be classified into two types: Recurrent Congestion (RC) and Non-Recurrent Congestion (NRC). RC is more regular than NRC, having fixed and long-standing patterns. Mining urban recurrent congestion evolution patterns can assist with congestion cause analysis and the creation of alleviating strategies. Most existing methods for analyzing urban congestion patterns are based on traditional traffic detector data, which is inflexible and expensive. Additionally, prior research primarily focused on the microscopic model, which simulated congestion propagation based on theoretical models and hypothetical networks. As such, most previous models and methods are difficult to apply to real case scenarios. Therefore, we investigated recurrent congestion patterns by mining historical taxi trajectory data that were collected in Harbin, China. A three-step method is proposed to reveal urban recurrent congestion evolution patterns. Firstly, a grid-based congestion detection method is presented by calculating the change in taxi global positioning system (GPS) trajectory patterns. Secondly, a customized cluster algorithm is applied to measure the recurrent congestion area. Finally, a series of indicators are proposed to reflect RC evolution patterns. A case study was competed in the Harbin urban area to evaluate the main methods. Finally, RC cause analysis and alleviating strategy are discussed. The results study are expected to provide a better understanding of urban RC evolution patterns. View Full-Text
Keywords: recurrent congestion; congestion evolution patterns; GPS trajectory; cluster algorithm recurrent congestion; congestion evolution patterns; GPS trajectory; cluster algorithm

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An, S.; Yang, H.; Wang, J. Revealing Recurrent Urban Congestion Evolution Patterns with Taxi Trajectories. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 128.

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