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Mapping Lithologic Components of Ophiolitic Mélanges Based on ASTER Spectral Analysis: A Case Study from the Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone (Tibet, China)

by 1,† and 2,*,†
1
College of Geophysics, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, Sichuan, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation and College of Earth Sciences, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, Sichuan, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(1), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7010034
Received: 6 December 2017 / Revised: 7 January 2018 / Accepted: 10 January 2018 / Published: 22 January 2018
ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection) satellite imagery is useful in assisting lithologic mapping and, however, its effectiveness is yet to be evaluated for lithologic complex such as tectonic mélange. The Mugagangri Group (MG), the signature unit of the Bangong-Nujiang suture zone (BNSZ), Tibet and consisting of ophiolitic mélanges, was previously mapped as a single unit due to its poorly-described internal structures and an informative map with refined lithologic subdivision is needed for future petrologic and tectonic studies. In this paper, based on a combination of field work and ASTER data analysis, the MG is mapped as five subunits according to our newly-proposed lithologic subdivision scheme. In particular, we apply a data-processing sequence to first analyze the TIR band ratios to reveal approximate distribution of carbonates and silicate-dominated lithologies and then the VNIR/SWIR band ratios and false color images to differentiate the lithologic units and delineate their boundaries. The generalized procedures of ASTER data processing and lithologic mapping are applicable for future studies in not only the BNSZ but also other Tibetan ranges. Moreover, the mapping result is consistent with that the MG represents an accretionary complex accreted to the south Qiangtang margin as a result of northward-subduction of the Bangong-Nujiang oceanic crust. View Full-Text
Keywords: ASTER; mapping; Bangong-Nujiang suture zone (BNSZ); Mugagangri Group; mélange; spectral analysis ASTER; mapping; Bangong-Nujiang suture zone (BNSZ); Mugagangri Group; mélange; spectral analysis
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Zhang, R.; Zeng, M. Mapping Lithologic Components of Ophiolitic Mélanges Based on ASTER Spectral Analysis: A Case Study from the Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone (Tibet, China). ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 34.

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