Next Article in Journal
Method for Determining Appropriate Clustering Criteria of Location-Sensing Data
Previous Article in Journal
Defining Fitness-for-Use for Crowdsourced Points of Interest (POI)
Open AccessArticle

The Socio-Spatial Distribution of Leisure Venues: A Case Study of Karaoke Bars in Nanjing, China

Department of Geographic Information Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mahmoud R. Delavar and Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5(9), 150;
Received: 13 June 2016 / Accepted: 19 August 2016 / Published: 25 August 2016
PDF [6549 KB, uploaded 25 August 2016]


With the development of service industry and cultural industry, urban leisure and entertainment services have become an important symbol of the city and the driving force of economic and social development. Karaoke, a typical form of urban entertainment, is immensely popular throughout China, and the number of karaoke bars is expected to keep growing in the future. However, little is known about their spatial distribution in the urban space and their association with other location-specific factors. Based on the geospatial entity data and business statistics data, we demonstrate a clustered pattern of 530 karaoke bars in Nanjing by means of point pattern analysis and cluster analysis in GIS. Furthermore, we identify the distribution of population, transportation network, and commercial centers as the three determinants underlying the formation of the pattern. View Full-Text
Keywords: socio-spatial distribution; karaoke bar; leisure venue; China socio-spatial distribution; karaoke bar; leisure venue; China

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cui, C.; Wang, J.; Wu, Z.; Ni, J.; Qian, T. The Socio-Spatial Distribution of Leisure Venues: A Case Study of Karaoke Bars in Nanjing, China. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5, 150.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. EISSN 2220-9964 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top