A Review of Visual-Inertial Simultaneous Localization and Mapping from Filtering-Based and Optimization-Based Perspectives
AbstractVisual-inertial simultaneous localization and mapping (VI-SLAM) is popular research topic in robotics. Because of its advantages in terms of robustness, VI-SLAM enjoys wide applications in the field of localization and mapping, including in mobile robotics, self-driving cars, unmanned aerial vehicles, and autonomous underwater vehicles. This study provides a comprehensive survey on VI-SLAM. Following a short introduction, this study is the first to review VI-SLAM techniques from filtering-based and optimization-based perspectives. It summarizes state-of-the-art studies over the last 10 years based on the back-end approach, camera type, and sensor fusion type. Key VI-SLAM technologies are also introduced such as feature extraction and tracking, core theory, and loop closure. The performance of representative VI-SLAM methods and famous VI-SLAM datasets are also surveyed. Finally, this study contributes to the comparison of filtering-based and optimization-based methods through experiments. A comparative study of VI-SLAM methods helps understand the differences in their operating principles. Optimization-based methods achieve excellent localization accuracy and lower memory utilization, while filtering-based methods have advantages in terms of computing resources. Furthermore, this study proposes future development trends and research directions for VI-SLAM. It provides a detailed survey of VI-SLAM techniques and can serve as a brief guide to newcomers in the field of SLAM and experienced researchers looking for possible directions for future work. View Full-Text
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Chen, C.; Zhu, H.; Li, M.; You, S. A Review of Visual-Inertial Simultaneous Localization and Mapping from Filtering-Based and Optimization-Based Perspectives. Robotics 2018, 7, 45.
Chen C, Zhu H, Li M, You S. A Review of Visual-Inertial Simultaneous Localization and Mapping from Filtering-Based and Optimization-Based Perspectives. Robotics. 2018; 7(3):45.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Chang; Zhu, Hua; Li, Menggang; You, Shaoze. 2018. "A Review of Visual-Inertial Simultaneous Localization and Mapping from Filtering-Based and Optimization-Based Perspectives." Robotics 7, no. 3: 45.
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