Analysis of Flavonoids Bioactivity for Cholestatic Liver Disease: Systematic Literature Search and Experimental Approaches
AbstractFlavonoids are naturally occurring compounds that show health benefits on the liver. However, there is little investigation about identification and evaluation of new flavonoid-containing drugs for cholestatic liver disease, one of the most common liver illnesses. We aimed to a systematic search regarding efficacy of flavonoids for treatment of cholestatic liver disease, and then evaluate naringenin (NG) as representative flavonoid in an obstructive cholestasis model. We searched for information of experimental and clinical studies in four major databases without time and language limits. Intervention was defined as any flavonoid derivate compared with other flavonoid, placebo, or without comparator. In addition, we evaluated NG on a bile duct-ligated model in order to contribute evidence of its actions. Eleven experimental reports that support the efficacy of flavonoids in cholestatic liver disease were identified. However, there was no homogeneity in efficacy endpoints evaluated and methodology. On the other hand, NG showed beneficial effects by improving specific metabolic (cholesterol and lipoproteins) and liver damage (bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase) biomarkers. The review lacks homogeneous evidence about efficacy of flavonoids in experimental settings, and is susceptible to risk for bias. NG only showed improvements in specific disease biomarkers. More investigation is still needed to determine its potential for drug development. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 160 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Sánchez-Salgado, J.C.; Estrada-Soto, S.; García-Jiménez, S.; Montes, S.; Gómez-Zamudio, J.; Villalobos-Molina, R. Analysis of Flavonoids Bioactivity for Cholestatic Liver Disease: Systematic Literature Search and Experimental Approaches. Biomolecules 2019, 9, 102.
Sánchez-Salgado JC, Estrada-Soto S, García-Jiménez S, Montes S, Gómez-Zamudio J, Villalobos-Molina R. Analysis of Flavonoids Bioactivity for Cholestatic Liver Disease: Systematic Literature Search and Experimental Approaches. Biomolecules. 2019; 9(3):102.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sánchez-Salgado, Juan C.; Estrada-Soto, Samuel; García-Jiménez, Sara; Montes, Sergio; Gómez-Zamudio, Jaime; Villalobos-Molina, Rafael. 2019. "Analysis of Flavonoids Bioactivity for Cholestatic Liver Disease: Systematic Literature Search and Experimental Approaches." Biomolecules 9, no. 3: 102.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.