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Review

Status and Prospects of Botanical Biopesticides in Europe and Mediterranean Countries

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Laboratory for Valorization and Conservation of Biological Resources, Faculty of Sciences, University M’Hamed Bougara of Boumerdes, Boumerdes 35000, Algeria
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Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Benha 13518, Egypt
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Research and Development Section, PerNaturam GmbH, 56290 Gödenroth, Germany
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Hochschule Trier, Schneidershof, 54293 Trier, Germany
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Laboratory of Molecular Physiology of Plants, Borj-Cedria Biotechnology Center, BP. 901, Hammam-Lif 2050, Tunisia
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Department of Bioengineering, Bursa Technical University, Bursa 16310, Turkey
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Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara University, Keçiören, Ankara 06135, Turkey
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Laboratory of Systems Microbiology and Applied Genomics, Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Patras, 2 Seferi St, 30100 Agrinio, Greece
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Bavarian NMR Center, Structural Membrane Biochemistry, Department of Chemistry, Technical University of Munich, Lichtenbergstr. 4, 85747 Garching, Germany
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Institute of Molecular Physiology, Johannes Gutenberg-University of Mainz, 55128 Mainz, Germany
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Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Vas. Sofias 12, 67132 Xanthi, Greece
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nurhayat Tabanca
Biomolecules 2022, 12(2), 311; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom12020311
Received: 22 December 2021 / Revised: 3 February 2022 / Accepted: 9 February 2022 / Published: 15 February 2022
Concerning human and environmental health, safe alternatives to synthetic pesticides are urgently needed. Many of the currently used synthetic pesticides are not authorized for application in organic agriculture. In addition, the developed resistances of various pests against classical pesticides necessitate the urgent demand for efficient and safe products with novel modes of action. Botanical pesticides are assumed to be effective against various crop pests, and they are easily biodegradable and available in high quantities and at a reasonable cost. Many of them may act by diverse yet unexplored mechanisms of action. It is therefore surprising that only few plant species have been developed for commercial usage as biopesticides. This article reviews the status of botanical pesticides, especially in Europe and Mediterranean countries, deepening their active principles and mechanisms of action. Moreover, some constraints and challenges in the development of novel biopesticides are highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: botanical insecticides; botanical herbicides; botanical fungicides; Mediterranean region; bioactive substances; mechanism of action botanical insecticides; botanical herbicides; botanical fungicides; Mediterranean region; bioactive substances; mechanism of action
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MDPI and ACS Style

Acheuk, F.; Basiouni, S.; Shehata, A.A.; Dick, K.; Hajri, H.; Lasram, S.; Yilmaz, M.; Emekci, M.; Tsiamis, G.; Spona-Friedl, M.; May-Simera, H.; Eisenreich, W.; Ntougias, S. Status and Prospects of Botanical Biopesticides in Europe and Mediterranean Countries. Biomolecules 2022, 12, 311. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom12020311

AMA Style

Acheuk F, Basiouni S, Shehata AA, Dick K, Hajri H, Lasram S, Yilmaz M, Emekci M, Tsiamis G, Spona-Friedl M, May-Simera H, Eisenreich W, Ntougias S. Status and Prospects of Botanical Biopesticides in Europe and Mediterranean Countries. Biomolecules. 2022; 12(2):311. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom12020311

Chicago/Turabian Style

Acheuk, Fatma, Shereen Basiouni, Awad A. Shehata, Katie Dick, Haifa Hajri, Salma Lasram, Mete Yilmaz, Mevlüt Emekci, George Tsiamis, Marina Spona-Friedl, Helen May-Simera, Wolfgang Eisenreich, and Spyridon Ntougias. 2022. "Status and Prospects of Botanical Biopesticides in Europe and Mediterranean Countries" Biomolecules 12, no. 2: 311. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom12020311

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