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Therapeutic Potential of Curcumin as an Antimycobacterial Agent

1
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Tezpur University, Tezpur 784028, India
2
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin 999077, Hong Kong
3
Department of Biotechnology, Royal Global University, Guwahati 781035, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Natália Martins
Biomolecules 2021, 11(9), 1278; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11091278
Received: 14 July 2021 / Revised: 23 August 2021 / Accepted: 23 August 2021 / Published: 26 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Compounds with Medicinal Value)
Curcumin is the principal curcuminoid obtained from the plant Curcuma longa and has been extensively studied for its biological and chemical properties. Curcumin displays a vast range of pharmacological properties, including antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antitumor activity. Specifically, curcumin has been linked to the improvement of the outcome of tuberculosis. There are many reviews on the pharmacological effects of curcumin; however, reviews of the antitubercular activity are comparatively scarcer. In this review, we attempt to discuss the different aspects of the research on the antitubercular activity of curcumin. These include antimycobacterial activity, modulation of the host immune response, and enhancement of BCG vaccine efficacy. Recent advances in the antimycobacterial activity of curcumin synthetic derivatives, the role of computer aided drug design in identifying curcumin targets, the hepatoprotective role of curcumin, and the dosage and toxicology of curcumin will be discussed. While growing evidence supports the use of curcumin and its derivatives for tuberculosis therapy, further preclinical and clinical investigations are of pivotal importance before recommending the use of curcumin formulations in public health. View Full-Text
Keywords: tuberculosis; curcumin; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; antimycobacterial activity tuberculosis; curcumin; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; antimycobacterial activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barua, N.; Buragohain, A.K. Therapeutic Potential of Curcumin as an Antimycobacterial Agent. Biomolecules 2021, 11, 1278. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11091278

AMA Style

Barua N, Buragohain AK. Therapeutic Potential of Curcumin as an Antimycobacterial Agent. Biomolecules. 2021; 11(9):1278. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11091278

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barua, Nilakshi, and Alak K. Buragohain. 2021. "Therapeutic Potential of Curcumin as an Antimycobacterial Agent" Biomolecules 11, no. 9: 1278. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11091278

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