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Neutrino Telescopes and High-Energy Cosmic Neutrinos

1
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany
2
INFN-Sezione di Bologna, Viale Berti-Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna, Italy
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Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, dell’Università, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna, Italy
4
INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
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Gran Sasso Science Institute, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Universe 2020, 6(2), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/universe6020030
Received: 23 December 2019 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 6 February 2020 / Published: 10 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Neutrino Oscillations)
In this review paper, we present the main aspects of high-energy cosmic neutrino astrophysics. We begin by describing the generic expectations for cosmic neutrinos, including the effects of propagation from their sources to the detectors. Then we introduce the operating principles of current neutrino telescopes, and examine the main features (topologies) of the observable events. After a discussion of the main background processes, due to the concomitant presence of secondary particles produced in the terrestrial atmosphere by cosmic rays, we summarize the current status of the observations with astrophysical relevance that have been greatly contributed by IceCube detector. Then, we examine various interpretations of these findings, trying to assess the best candidate sources of cosmic neutrinos. We conclude with a brief perspective on how the field could evolve within a few years. View Full-Text
Keywords: neutrino astronomy; neutrino telescopes; cosmic ray sources; multimessenger astrophysics neutrino astronomy; neutrino telescopes; cosmic ray sources; multimessenger astrophysics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Palladino, A.; Spurio, M.; Vissani, F. Neutrino Telescopes and High-Energy Cosmic Neutrinos. Universe 2020, 6, 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/universe6020030

AMA Style

Palladino A, Spurio M, Vissani F. Neutrino Telescopes and High-Energy Cosmic Neutrinos. Universe. 2020; 6(2):30. https://doi.org/10.3390/universe6020030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Palladino, Andrea; Spurio, Maurizio; Vissani, Francesco. 2020. "Neutrino Telescopes and High-Energy Cosmic Neutrinos" Universe 6, no. 2: 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/universe6020030

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