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Multiverse Predictions for Habitability: Number of Potentially Habitable Planets

1
Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
2
Center for Particle Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Universe 2019, 5(6), 157; https://doi.org/10.3390/universe5060157
Received: 14 May 2019 / Revised: 18 June 2019 / Accepted: 21 June 2019 / Published: 25 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Multiverse)
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Abstract

How good is our universe at making habitable planets? The answer to this depends on which factors are important for life: Does a planet need to be Earth mass? Does it need to be inside the temperate zone? are systems with hot Jupiters habitable? Here, we adopt different stances on the importance of each of these criteria to determine their effects on the probabilities of measuring the observed values of several physical constants. We find that the presence of planets is a generic feature throughout the multiverse, and for the most part conditioning on their particular properties does not alter our conclusions much. We find conflict with multiverse expectations if planetary size is important and it is found to be uncorrelated with stellar mass, or the mass distribution is too steep. The existence of a temperate circumstellar zone places tight lower bounds on the fine structure constant and electron to proton mass ratio. View Full-Text
Keywords: multiverse; habitability; planets multiverse; habitability; planets
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Sandora, M. Multiverse Predictions for Habitability: Number of Potentially Habitable Planets. Universe 2019, 5, 157.

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