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Alterations in Exercise-Induced Plasma Adenosine Triphosphate Concentration in Highly Trained Athletes in a One-Year Training Cycle

1
Department of Athletics, Strength and Conditioning, Poznan University of Physical Education, Królowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
2
Department of Biochemistry, Medical University of Gdansk, Dębinki 1, 80-211 Gdansk, Poland
3
Department of General and Vascular Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Długa 1/2, 61-848 Poznan, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metabolites 2019, 9(10), 230; https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo9100230
Received: 18 September 2019 / Revised: 13 October 2019 / Accepted: 14 October 2019 / Published: 16 October 2019
This study aimed to assess the effect of training loads on plasma adenosine triphosphate responsiveness in highly trained athletes in a 1 y cycle. Highly trained futsal players (11 men, age range 20–31 y), endurance athletes (11 men, age range 18–31 y), sprinters (11 men, age range 21–30 y), and control group (11 men, age range 22–34 y) were examined across four characteristic training phases in response to an incremental treadmill test until exhaustion. A considerably higher exercise and post-exercise plasma adenosine triphosphate concentrations were observed in consecutive training phases in highly trained athletes, with the highest values reached after the competitive period. No differences in plasma adenosine triphosphate concentrations were found in the control group during the 1 y cycle. Sprinters showed a higher absolute and net increase in plasma adenosine triphosphate concentration by 60–114% during exercise in consecutive training phases than futsal players (63–101%) and endurance athletes (64–95%). In this study, we demonstrated that exercise-induced adenosine triphosphate concentration significantly changes in highly trained athletes over an annual training cycle. The obtained results showed that high-intensity but not low- to moderate-intensity training leads to an increased adenosine triphosphate response to exercise, suggesting an important role of ATP for vascular plasticity. View Full-Text
Keywords: annual training cycle; ATP release; plasma nucleotides; training adaptation; incremental exercise test annual training cycle; ATP release; plasma nucleotides; training adaptation; incremental exercise test
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Zarębska, E.A.; Kusy, K.; Słomińska, E.M.; Kruszyna, Ł.; Zieliński, J. Alterations in Exercise-Induced Plasma Adenosine Triphosphate Concentration in Highly Trained Athletes in a One-Year Training Cycle. Metabolites 2019, 9, 230.

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