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Open AccessArticle

Betulin-3,28-diphosphate as a Component of Combination Cytostatic Drugs for the Treatment of Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma In Vitro and In Vivo Experiments

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Privolzhsky Research Medical University”, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Minin sq., 10/1, 603005 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
2
Department of Chemistry, N.P. Ogarev Mordovian State University, Bolshevistskaya St. 68, 430005 Saransk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sci. Pharm. 2018, 86(2), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/scipharm86020017
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 17 April 2018 / Accepted: 18 April 2018 / Published: 23 April 2018
The activity of betulin-3,28-diphosphate (BDP) in combination with the cytostatics such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and hydrazine sulfate (HS) was demonstrated by using the transplanted Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) in mice. The dose-dependent effect of combination drugs BDP + HS and BDP + 5-FU was revealed by in vitro experiments on rats. The synergetic effect of HS and BDP on oxidative stress and energy metabolism was established. The malonic dialdehyde (MDA) level both in plasma and erythrocytes decreased by 87 ± 2%, and the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity increased by 105 ± 7% in comparison with the control. The combination of BDP + HS promoted the increase of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in the reverse reaction by 195 ± 21% compared to the control. The combination drug of 5-FU with BDP caused the synergetic decrease of the lipid peroxidation (LPO) intensity estimated by the MDA level decrease up to 14 ± 4% compared to pure compounds. Betulin-3,28-diphosphate in combination with cytostatics for EAC treatment improved the animal health status, as well as decreased the cytostatics dose that can be used in palliative therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ehrlich carcinoma; betulin-3,28-diphosphate; 5-fluorouracil; hydrazine sulfate; antioxidant activity Ehrlich carcinoma; betulin-3,28-diphosphate; 5-fluorouracil; hydrazine sulfate; antioxidant activity
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Vorobyova, O.; Deryabina, O.; Malygina, D.; Plotnikova, N.; Solovyeva, A.; Belyaeva, K.; Melnikova, N. Betulin-3,28-diphosphate as a Component of Combination Cytostatic Drugs for the Treatment of Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma In Vitro and In Vivo Experiments. Sci. Pharm. 2018, 86, 17.

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