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Scientia Pharmaceutica is published by MDPI from Volume 84 Issue 3 (2016). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Austrian Pharmaceutical Society (Österreichische Pharmazeutische Gesellschaft, ÖPhG).
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Sci. Pharm. 2010, 78(3), 435-444;

Contribution of Thromboxane A2 in Rat Common Carotid Artery Response to Serotonin

Department of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology; Medical Faculty; University of Belgrade; PO Box 38; 11129 Belgrade; Serbia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 April 2010 / Accepted: 15 June 2010 / Published: 15 June 2010
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Serotonin is a vasoactive substance that in different blood vessels mostly induces vasoconstriction. Considering the important role of common carotid artery in brain blood supply, the aims of this study were to investigate the effect of serotonin on isolated rat common carotid artery and also to examine participation of intact endothelium, cyclooxygenase products, Ca++ channels and 5-HT2 receptors in serotonin-evoked action. Endothelium was mechanically removed from some vascular rings. Circular artery segments were placed in organ baths containing Krebs–Ringer bicarbonate solution. Cumulative concentration-contraction curves for serotonin were obtained in rings previously equilibrated at basal tone. Serotonin produced concentration-dependent contraction, which was unaltered by endothelial denudation. Serotonin-induced effect was notably and comparably reduced by indomethacin (cyclooxygenase inhibitor) or OKY–046 (thromboxane A2-synthase inhibitor) on intact or denuded rings. Nifedipine (Ca++ channel blocker) or ketanserin (5-HT2 receptor antagonist) strongly reduced serotonin-evoked effect. Our results suggest that serotonin produced concentration-dependent and endothelium-independent contraction of carotid artery, which was initiated by activation of 5-HT2 receptors located on smooth muscle cells and mediated via L-type Ca++ channels. Thromboxane A2 from smooth muscle cells notably contributed to the overall contraction of carotid artery induced by serotonin.
Keywords: Serotonin; Common Carotid Artery; Endothelium; Thromboxane A2 Serotonin; Common Carotid Artery; Endothelium; Thromboxane A2
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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RADENKOVIĆ, M.; STOJANOVIĆ, M.; TOPALOVIĆ, M. Contribution of Thromboxane A2 in Rat Common Carotid Artery Response to Serotonin. Sci. Pharm. 2010, 78, 435-444.

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