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Productization of Industrial Side Streams into By-Products—Case: Fiber Sludge from Pulp and Paper Industry

Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2020, 6(4), 185; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6040185
Received: 9 November 2020 / Revised: 7 December 2020 / Accepted: 8 December 2020 / Published: 10 December 2020
The increasing pressure on natural resources and the climate has been noted by businesses and governments worldwide, who now face the difficult task of integrating paths of environmental sustainability and economic growth. One promising approach to sustainable development, reducing the pressure on natural resources and solving waste problems is circular economy. From different ways of implementing circular economy, this study focuses on the productization of industrial side streams, which carry a great deal of underutilized potential. In this article, the productization of pulp and paper industry side stream, fiber sludge, for commercial use as a dust-binding agent is studied via a descriptive, in-depth case study. Apart from inconsistent quality, fluctuating supply, cost of storage and logistics, what makes industrial side stream utilization challenging is the lack of knowledge that stakeholders have about side streams and their utilization and the lack of new value chain development for their commercial use. Therefore, it is essential for all parties involved to have a clearer vision of what is being sold for what purposes, through productization. This study found that the productization of side streams follows the same steps as the productization of any other traditional product, and the productized side streams can be added to the company’s product portfolio as by-products. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; industrial by-product; industrial side stream; productization circular economy; industrial by-product; industrial side stream; productization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Leppänen, T.; Mustonen, E.; Saarela, H.; Kuokkanen, M.; Tervonen, P. Productization of Industrial Side Streams into By-Products—Case: Fiber Sludge from Pulp and Paper Industry. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2020, 6, 185. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6040185

AMA Style

Leppänen T, Mustonen E, Saarela H, Kuokkanen M, Tervonen P. Productization of Industrial Side Streams into By-Products—Case: Fiber Sludge from Pulp and Paper Industry. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity. 2020; 6(4):185. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6040185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leppänen, Tero, Erno Mustonen, Henri Saarela, Matti Kuokkanen, and Pekka Tervonen. 2020. "Productization of Industrial Side Streams into By-Products—Case: Fiber Sludge from Pulp and Paper Industry" Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity 6, no. 4: 185. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6040185

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