The Challenge of the Energy Sector of Russia during the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic through the Example of the Republic of Tatarstan: Discussion on the Change of Open Innovation in the Energy Sector
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Brief Literature Review
- The changes and challenges in the energy sector, the study of which is aimed at revealing the socioeconomic effects and constraints of the energy sector during the crisis.
- The anti-crisis state policy and anti-crisis actions taken at the micro level, forming the demands by the areas and measures of the state support provided to the industry during the 2020 crisis.
- The prospects of more active development of “green energy” and “energy digitalization” as an institutional environment of technological solutions—“growth points” of the mid-term and long-term development of the sector.
4. Discussion: The Change of Open Innovation in the Energy Sector of the Republic of Tatarstan
Conflicts of Interest
Appendix A. Interview Guide for the Executives of Energy Sector Enterprises
- How is the general quarantine affecting energy consumption? What is happening to the market?
- What impact does the self-isolating regime have on the volumes consumed by the population? What differences are there today in heat and electric power consumption by the population?
- What is going on with industrial consumption? In your opinion, which industries are suffering from recession?
- What challenges (problems) has your enterprise been facing due to the 2020 crisis?
- What changes occurred in the organization and performance of your enterprise due to the quarantine regime?
- Do you find it necessary to maintain economic activity of economic agents in the time of pandemic or do you share the position of introducing a strict quarantine to reduce the death rate?
- Does the quarantine regime or economic activity regime suit the Republic of Tatarstan? What about the energy sector and your enterprise?
- There is an opinion that the state policy pursued during the 2020 crisis is an inadequately strong reaction of the government aimed at replacing the undesirable agenda (problems of social inequality and climate change/green economy): how do you appraise this position? Do you understand the ideology of the state decisions taken today? Do you find them appropriate?
- What anti-crisis policy should the government follow, including the priorities for the energy sector?
- There is a suggestion in the public discourse that loans should be granted to enterprises in declining industries from the taxes they paid in 2019. What is your attitude towards this suggestion? Is it necessary and what will it give the energy sector?
- What anti-crisis actions are being taken in your enterprise at the moment?
- How do you appraise the current level of digitalization in the energy sector and in your enterprise and what growth points can you highlight?
- What prospects are offered with active development of digitalization initiated by the 2020 crisis for the energy sector as a whole and in your enterprise?
- Will the trend of active development of green energy continue in view of new economic realities?
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|Name of Enterprise||Kind of Activity||Divisions|
|Tatenergo JSC||Energy generation||3 TPP, 1 regional power station, 1 HPP,—Kazan, Naberezhnye Chelny and Nizhnekamsk heating network|
|TGK-16 JSC||Energy generation as part of TAIF Group||Kazan TPP-3 and Nizhnekamsk TPP (PTK-1)|
|Nizhnekamsk TPP LLC||Energy generation||Subsidiary of PAO “Tatneft”|
|Grid company JSC||Power transmission and technological connection||-|
|Tatenergosbyt JSC||Power distribution||-|
|Tatarstan Regional Dispatching Office, the Branch of System Operator of the UPS JSC (RDO of Tatarstan)||Dispatching management of electrical power objects on the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan||-|
|The group of companies INVENT||Engineering activity||TATCABLE LLC, INVENT-Electro LLC|
|Management Company “Integrated EnergoDevelopment—Holding” (IED—Holding)||Engineering activity||-|
|Statements that Are Mentioned Most Frequently in the Interviews and Are the Most Controversial||Statements that Are Mentioned Most Frequently in the Interviews and Are the Least Controversial|
|Statements that Are Mentioned Least Frequently in the Interviews and Are the Most Controversial||Statements that Are Mentioned Least Frequently in the Interviews and Are the Least Controversial|
|Answering this question as an executive officer, I do not believe I am entitled to evaluate the policy pursued by the state||“Green energy” is a subsidized area focused on prospective development of technology and ensuring high-quality technological leap with a change of technological paradigm.|
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Kulachinskaya, A.; Akhmetova, I.G.; Kulkova, V.Y.; Ilyashenko, S.B. The Challenge of the Energy Sector of Russia during the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic through the Example of the Republic of Tatarstan: Discussion on the Change of Open Innovation in the Energy Sector. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2020, 6, 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6030060
Kulachinskaya A, Akhmetova IG, Kulkova VY, Ilyashenko SB. The Challenge of the Energy Sector of Russia during the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic through the Example of the Republic of Tatarstan: Discussion on the Change of Open Innovation in the Energy Sector. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity. 2020; 6(3):60. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6030060Chicago/Turabian Style
Kulachinskaya, Anastasia, Irina G. Akhmetova, Varvara Y. Kulkova, and Svetlana B. Ilyashenko. 2020. "The Challenge of the Energy Sector of Russia during the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic through the Example of the Republic of Tatarstan: Discussion on the Change of Open Innovation in the Energy Sector" Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity 6, no. 3: 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc6030060