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Dipylidium caninum Infection in Dogs and Humans in Bishoftu Town, Ethiopia

1
College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Bishoftu P.O. Box 34, Ethiopia
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Humera Agricultural Research Center Humera, Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Humera 6220, Ethiopia
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Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Long Island University, Greenvale, New York, NY 11201, USA
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College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Haramaya University, Haramaya P.O. Box 138, Ethiopia
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Food Animal Environmental Systems Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bowling Green, Kentucky, KY 40506, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diseases 2021, 9(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases9010001
Received: 26 October 2020 / Revised: 4 December 2020 / Accepted: 21 December 2020 / Published: 22 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Disease)
Dogs are reservoirs of many zoonotic diseases. In Ethiopia, the majority of owned dogs are semi-stray, freely roaming in the community. Studies reporting dog borne zoonotic diseases are scarce in Ethiopia. This study was conducted to assess Dipylidium caninum infection in dogs and in children with gastrointestinal complaints in Bishoftu Town, Oromia. We collected 384 fecal samples from dogs presented to veterinary teaching hospital and 259 stool samples from children presented to Bishoftu Hospital for clinical examination. Samples were first macroscopically examined for the presence of proglotids, followed by microscopic examination for the presence of eggs with the direct smear following flotation technique. The prevalence of D. caninum was 21% (95% CI: 16.6–24.9) in dogs. Although not statistically significant (p > 0.05), higher prevalence was detected in adult (11.9%), local breed (17.7%), and male (12.6%) dogs compared to young (8.59%), exotic breed (2.86%), and females (7.81%), respectively. Dipylidium caninum was detected in a stool sample obtained from a three year-old child (0.4%, 1/259). This study showed that the prevalence of D. caninum in the dogs is high while it is rare in children. Although the prevalence in children is negligible in this study, the high proportion of infected dogs can pose a significant risk of infection in the general human population. Public health risk can be reduced by eliminating the semi-roaming of owned dogs and proper management of dogs with regular deworming and prevention of environmental contamination with dog feces. Similarly, raising public awareness about dog borne zoonoses and avoiding contact with dog feces are important. View Full-Text
Keywords: Dipylidium caninum; prevalence; dogs; children; Bishoftu; Ethiopia Dipylidium caninum; prevalence; dogs; children; Bishoftu; Ethiopia
MDPI and ACS Style

Gutema, F.D.; Yohannes, G.W.; Abdi, R.D.; Abuna, F.; Ayana, D.; Waktole, H.; Amenu, K.; Hiko, A.; Agga, G.E. Dipylidium caninum Infection in Dogs and Humans in Bishoftu Town, Ethiopia. Diseases 2021, 9, 1. https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases9010001

AMA Style

Gutema FD, Yohannes GW, Abdi RD, Abuna F, Ayana D, Waktole H, Amenu K, Hiko A, Agga GE. Dipylidium caninum Infection in Dogs and Humans in Bishoftu Town, Ethiopia. Diseases. 2021; 9(1):1. https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases9010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gutema, Fanta D., Goitom W. Yohannes, Reta D. Abdi, Fufa Abuna, Dinka Ayana, Hika Waktole, Kebede Amenu, Adem Hiko, and Getahun E. Agga. 2021. "Dipylidium caninum Infection in Dogs and Humans in Bishoftu Town, Ethiopia" Diseases 9, no. 1: 1. https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases9010001

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