Previous Article in Journal
Chronic Stress and Cardiovascular Disease among Individuals Exposed to Lead: A Pilot Study
Open AccessBrief Report

Lifetime Weight Cycling and Central Fat Distribution in Females With Obesity: A Brief Report

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Beirut Arab University, Beirut P.O. Box, 11-5020 Riad El Solh, Lebanon
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diseases 2020, 8(2), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases8020008
Received: 2 March 2020 / Revised: 22 March 2020 / Accepted: 26 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exclusive Papers of the Editorial Board Members (EBMs) of Diseases)
Weight cycling (WC) is a common phenomenon in patients with obesity, however, its consequence on body composition has not yet been fully understood. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether multiple WC can negatively affect the latter, especially in terms of body fat distribution in female adults seeking treatment that are overweight or obese. Body composition was obtained using a segmental body composition analyser (MC-780MA, Tanita Corp., Tokyo, Japan) in 125 adult females who had been referred to the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics at the Beirut Arab University (Lebanon). WC was defined as intentional weight loss of ≥3 kg followed by involuntary weight regain of ≥3 kg, and participants were categorized as WC if they had experienced ≥2 cycles. Ninety of the 125 participants met the criteria for WC and displayed a higher total and trunk fat mass than those without WC. This was confirmed through linear regression analysis, showing that multiple WC were associated with increased fat mass (FM) by nearly 4.2 kg (β = 4.23, 95%CI: 0.81–7.65, p = 0.016)–2.4 kg in the trunk region (β = 2.35, 95%CI: 0.786–3.917, p = 0.004) when compared to the non-WC group, after adjusting for age and fat-free mass. In conclusion, multiple WC is associated with increased body fat, especially in the central region. Future studies are needed to examine the impact of this fat distribution on health outcomes in this phenotype of patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: body composition; BMI; obesity; weight cycling; body fat distribution body composition; BMI; obesity; weight cycling; body fat distribution
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Tannir, H.; Itani, L.; El Masri, D.; Kreidieh, D.; El Ghoch, M. Lifetime Weight Cycling and Central Fat Distribution in Females With Obesity: A Brief Report. Diseases 2020, 8, 8.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop