Next Article in Journal
An Energy Efficient Task Scheduling Strategy in a Cloud Computing System and its Performance Evaluation using a Two-Dimensional Continuous Time Markov Chain Model
Next Article in Special Issue
Application of the Lyapunov Algorithm to Optimize the Control Strategy of Low-Voltage and High-Current Synchronous DC Generator Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Green Communications in Smart Cities
Previous Article in Special Issue
Individual Phase Full-Power Testing Method for High-Power STATCOM
Open AccessArticle

Multiple Modulation Strategy of Flying Capacitor DC/DC Converter

Department of Electrical Engineering, Hebei University of Science and technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, China
Department of Electrical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, 6700 Esbjerg, Denmark
Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wyb. Wyspianskiego 27, 50370 Wroclaw, Poland
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(7), 774;
Received: 24 May 2019 / Revised: 18 June 2019 / Accepted: 5 July 2019 / Published: 11 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Power Converters in Power Electronics)
PDF [4347 KB, uploaded 11 July 2019]


Flying-capacitor multiplexed modulation technology is suitable for bipolar DC microgrids with higher voltage levels and higher current levels. The module combination and corresponding modulation method can be flexibly selected according to the voltage level and capacity level. This paper proposes a bipolar bidirectional DC/DC converter and its interleaved-complementary modulation strategy that is suitable for bipolar DC microgrids. The converter consists of two flying-capacitor three-level bidirectional DC/DC converters that are interleaved in parallel 90°, and then cascaded with another module to form a symmetrical structure of the upper and lower arms; the complementary modulation of the upper and lower half bridges constitutes an interleaved complementary multilevel bidirectional DC/DC converter. If the bidirectional converter needs to provide a stronger overcurrent capability, more bridge arms can be interleaved in parallel. Once n bridge arms are connected in parallel, the bridge arms should be interleaved 180°/n in parallel. In bipolar DC microgrids, the upper and lower arms should be complementarily modulated, and the input and output are isolated by the inductance. To solve the current difference, caused by the inconsistent parasitic, the voltage-current double closed-loop-control is used, and the dynamic response is faster during bidirectional operation. This paper proposes theoretical analysis and experiments that verify bipolar bidirectional DC/DC converter for high-power energy storage. View Full-Text
Keywords: bidirectional DC/DC converter (BDC); dual mode operation; current sharing; multiplexed modulation bidirectional DC/DC converter (BDC); dual mode operation; current sharing; multiplexed modulation

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, P.; Zhang, C.; Padmanaban, S.; Zbigniew, L. Multiple Modulation Strategy of Flying Capacitor DC/DC Converter. Electronics 2019, 8, 774.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Electronics EISSN 2079-9292 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top