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Electronics 2017, 6(4), 90; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics6040090

Galvanically Decoupled Current Source Modules for Multi-Channel Bioimpedance Measurement Systems

Laboratory of Medical Electronics (LME), Lübeck University of Applied Sciences, 23562 Lübeck, Germany
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Received: 25 August 2017 / Revised: 19 October 2017 / Accepted: 19 October 2017 / Published: 23 October 2017
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Abstract

Bioimpedance measurements have become a useful technique in the past several years in biomedical engineering. Especially, multi-channel measurements facilitate new imaging and patient monitoring techniques. While most instrumentation research has focused on signal acquisition and signal processing, this work proposes the design of an excitation current source module that can be easily implemented in existing or upcoming bioimpedance measurement systems. It is galvanically isolated to enable simultaneous multi-channel bioimpedance measurements with a very low channel-coupling. The system is based on a microcontroller in combination with a voltage-controlled current source circuit. It generates selectable sinusoidal excitation signals between 0.12 and 1.5 mA in a frequency range from 12 to 250 kHz, whereas the voltage compliance range is ±3.2 V. The coupling factor between two current sources, experimentally galvanically connected with each other, is measured to be less than −48 dB over the entire intended frequency range. Finally, suggestions for developments in the future are made. View Full-Text
Keywords: voltage-controlled current source; bioimpedance; multi-channel; multi-frequency; galvanic decoupling voltage-controlled current source; bioimpedance; multi-channel; multi-frequency; galvanic decoupling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kusche, R.; Hauschild, S.; Ryschka, M. Galvanically Decoupled Current Source Modules for Multi-Channel Bioimpedance Measurement Systems. Electronics 2017, 6, 90.

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