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Article

3D-Printed Portable Robotic Mobile Microscope for Remote Diagnosis of Global Health Diseases

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Spotlab, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Biomedical Image Technology Lab, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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ISGlobal, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
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Centro de Investigação em Saúde de Manhiça (CISM), Maputo 1929, Mozambique
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ICREA, Pg. Lluís Companys 23, 08010 Barcelona, Spain
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Pediatrics Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
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Consorcio de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Pathology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, 28041 Madrid, Spain
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Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Pharmacy School, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Hematology Department, Hospital 12 de Octubre, 28041 Madrid, Spain
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Consorcio de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina (CIBER-BBN), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manuel F. Silva
Electronics 2021, 10(19), 2408; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10192408
Received: 23 July 2021 / Revised: 21 September 2021 / Accepted: 23 September 2021 / Published: 2 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low-Cost Telemedicine Technology: Challenges and Solutions)
Microscopy plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of numerous diseases. However, the need for trained microscopists and pathologists, the complexity of pathology, and the accessibility and affordability of the technology can hinder the provision of rapid and high-quality diagnoses and healthcare. In this work, we present an affordable, 3D-printed, portable, robotic, mobile-based slide scanning microscope. The proposed device is composed of electronic, mechanical, and optical modules operated via smartphone with a control app. The device is connected and fully integrated with a telemedicine web platform, where digitized microscopy images can be remotely visualized and analyzed. The robotic scanner, which has approximately 1-µm resolution, has been evaluated in two clinical scenarios with histology and stool samples. The results showed sufficient image quality for performing a proper diagnosis in all cases under study. View Full-Text
Keywords: robotic microscope scanner; mobile-based; 3D printed; telemedicine robotic microscope scanner; mobile-based; 3D printed; telemedicine
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MDPI and ACS Style

García-Villena, J.; Torres, J.E.; Aguilar, C.; Lin, L.; Bermejo-Peláez, D.; Dacal, E.; Mousa, A.; Ortega, M.d.P.; Martínez, A.; Vladimirov, A.; Cuadrado, D.; Postigo, M.; Ordi, J.; Bassat, Q.; Salamanca, J.; Rodriguez-Peralto, J.L.; Linares, M.; Ortuño, J.E.; Ledesma-Carbayo, M.J.; Santos, A.; Luengo-Oroz, M. 3D-Printed Portable Robotic Mobile Microscope for Remote Diagnosis of Global Health Diseases. Electronics 2021, 10, 2408. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10192408

AMA Style

García-Villena J, Torres JE, Aguilar C, Lin L, Bermejo-Peláez D, Dacal E, Mousa A, Ortega MdP, Martínez A, Vladimirov A, Cuadrado D, Postigo M, Ordi J, Bassat Q, Salamanca J, Rodriguez-Peralto JL, Linares M, Ortuño JE, Ledesma-Carbayo MJ, Santos A, Luengo-Oroz M. 3D-Printed Portable Robotic Mobile Microscope for Remote Diagnosis of Global Health Diseases. Electronics. 2021; 10(19):2408. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10192408

Chicago/Turabian Style

García-Villena, Jaime, Jose E. Torres, Carlos Aguilar, Lin Lin, David Bermejo-Peláez, Elena Dacal, Adriana Mousa, María d.P. Ortega, Alvaro Martínez, Alexander Vladimirov, Daniel Cuadrado, María Postigo, Jaume Ordi, Quique Bassat, Javier Salamanca, Jose L. Rodriguez-Peralto, María Linares, Juan E. Ortuño, María J. Ledesma-Carbayo, Andres Santos, and Miguel Luengo-Oroz. 2021. "3D-Printed Portable Robotic Mobile Microscope for Remote Diagnosis of Global Health Diseases" Electronics 10, no. 19: 2408. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10192408

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