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Key Enablers of and Barriers to the Uptake and Implementation of Nature-Based Solutions in Urban Settings: A Review

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Information Systems in the Built Environment (ISBE) group, Department of Built Environment, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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School of Industrial Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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VTT Technical Research Centre Ltd., 02150 Espoo, Finland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2019, 8(3), 121; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8030121
Received: 3 June 2019 / Revised: 23 June 2019 / Accepted: 29 June 2019 / Published: 30 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nature-based Solutions for Urban Global Change Adaptation)
Climate change and urbanization have resulted in several societal challenges for urban areas. Nature-based solutions (NBS) have been positioned as solutions for enhancing urban resilience in the face of these challenges. However, the body of conceptual and practical knowledge regarding NBS remains fragmented. This study addresses this gap by means of a systematic review of the literature, to define NBS as a theoretical concept; its broader significance with respect to societal challenges; the key stakeholders in NBS planning, implementation and management; and major barriers to and enablers of NBS uptake. The results of this review reveal that, despite a lack of consensus about the definition of NBS, there is a shared understanding that the NBS concept encompasses human and ecological benefits beyond the core objective of ecosystem conservation, restoration or enhancement. Significant barriers to and enablers of NBS are discussed, along with a proposed strategic planning framework for successful uptake of NBS. View Full-Text
Keywords: NBS; nature-based solutions; systematic review; barriers; enablers; strategic planning NBS; nature-based solutions; systematic review; barriers; enablers; strategic planning
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Ershad Sarabi, S.; Han, Q.; L. Romme, A.G.; de Vries, B.; Wendling, L. Key Enablers of and Barriers to the Uptake and Implementation of Nature-Based Solutions in Urban Settings: A Review. Resources 2019, 8, 121.

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