Next Article in Journal
Measuring Product Material Footprint as New Life Cycle Impact Assessment Method: Indicators and Abiotic Characterization Factors
Previous Article in Journal
Solutions to Marine Pollution in Canary Islands’ Ports: Alternatives and Optimization of Energy Management
Article

Life Cycle Assessment of Maize-Germ Oil Production and the Use of Bioenergy to Mitigate Environmental Impacts: A Gate-To-Gate Case Study

1
Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, University of Ferrara, Via Borsari 46, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
2
Soil and Water Resources Institute, Hellenic Agricultural Organization Demeter, Thermi, 57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
e3 Studio Associato di Consulenza, via Rossetti 40, 25128 Brescia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2019, 8(2), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8020060
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 21 March 2019 / Accepted: 28 March 2019 / Published: 2 April 2019
The need to reduce the environmental impacts of the food industry is increasing together with the dramatic increment of global food demand. Circulation strategies such as the exploitation of self-produced renewable energy sources can improve ecological performances of industrial processes. However, evidence is needed to demonstrate and characterize such environmental benefits. This study assessed the environmental performances of industrial processing of maize edible oil, whose energy provision is guaranteed by residues biomasses. A gate-to-gate Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach was applied for a large-size factory of Northern Italy to describe: (i) the environmental impacts related to industrial processing and (ii) the contribution of residue-based bioenergy to their mitigation, through the comparison with a reference system based on conventional energy. The results showed that oil refinement is the most impacting phase for almost all the considered impact categories. The use of residue-based bioenergy was found to drastically reduce the emissions for all the impact categories. Moreover, Cumulative Energy Demand analysis revealed that the use of biomass residues increased energy efficiency through a reduction of the total energy demand of the industrial process. The study demonstrates that the exploitation of residue-based bioenergy can be a sustainable solution to improve environmental performances of the food industry, while supporting circular economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: LCA; bioenergy; maize oil; food industry; residue biomasses; vegetable oils LCA; bioenergy; maize oil; food industry; residue biomasses; vegetable oils
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Gaglio, M.; Tamburini, E.; Lucchesi, F.; Aschonitis, V.; Atti, A.; Castaldelli, G.; Fano, E.A. Life Cycle Assessment of Maize-Germ Oil Production and the Use of Bioenergy to Mitigate Environmental Impacts: A Gate-To-Gate Case Study. Resources 2019, 8, 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8020060

AMA Style

Gaglio M, Tamburini E, Lucchesi F, Aschonitis V, Atti A, Castaldelli G, Fano EA. Life Cycle Assessment of Maize-Germ Oil Production and the Use of Bioenergy to Mitigate Environmental Impacts: A Gate-To-Gate Case Study. Resources. 2019; 8(2):60. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8020060

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gaglio, Mattias, Elena Tamburini, Francesco Lucchesi, Vassilis Aschonitis, Anna Atti, Giuseppe Castaldelli, and Elisa A. Fano. 2019. "Life Cycle Assessment of Maize-Germ Oil Production and the Use of Bioenergy to Mitigate Environmental Impacts: A Gate-To-Gate Case Study" Resources 8, no. 2: 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8020060

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop