Next Article in Journal
The Social Cost of Sub-Soil Resource Use
Previous Article in Journal
Cryogenic Resources: Ice, Snow, and Permafrost in Traditional Subsistence Systems in Russia
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Impact of Land Cover Change on Ecosystem Services in a Tropical Forested Landscape

1
Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics, TH Köln—University of Applied Sciences, Betzdorfer Straße 2, 50679 Cologne, Germany
2
College of Applied Sciences, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu 44613, Nepal
3
The State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), No.20 Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China
4
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Sindang Barang, Bogor 16115, Indonesia
5
School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, VIC 3010, Australia
6
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus, Ilam 57300, Nepal
7
Ernst Moritz Arndt University Greifswald Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology Soldmannstr, 15 D-17487 Greifswald, Germany
8
Institute for Agriculture and the Environment, University of Southern Queensland, West St, Darling Heights, QLD 4350, Australia
9
School of Business, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3072, Australia
10
Kathmandu Forestry College, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2019, 8(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8010018
Received: 29 October 2018 / Revised: 23 December 2018 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 13 January 2019
  |  
PDF [713 KB, uploaded 14 January 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Ecosystems provide a wide range of goods, services or ecosystem services (ES) to society. Estimating the impact of land use and land cover (LULC) changes on ES values (ESV) is an important tool to support decision making. This study used remote sensing and GIS tools to analyze LULC change and transitions from 2001 to 2016 and assess its impact on ESV in a tropical forested landscape in the southern plains of Nepal. The total ESV of the landscape for the year 2016 is estimated at USD 1264 million year−1. As forests are the dominant land cover class and have high ES value per hectare, they have the highest contribution in total ESV. However, as a result of LULC change (loss of forests, water bodies, and agricultural land), the total ESV of the landscape has declined by USD 11 million year−1. Major reductions come from the loss in values of climate regulation, water supply, provision of raw materials and food production. To halt the ongoing loss of ES and maintain the supply and balance of different ES in the landscape, it is important to properly monitor, manage and utilize ecosystems. We believe this study will inform policymakers, environmental managers, and the general public on the ongoing changes and contribute to developing effective land use policy in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use and land cover change; deforestation and forest degradation; tropical forests; ecosystem service valuation; remote sensing land use and land cover change; deforestation and forest degradation; tropical forests; ecosystem service valuation; remote sensing
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sharma, R.; Rimal, B.; Baral, H.; Nehren, U.; Paudyal, K.; Sharma, S.; Rijal, S.; Ranpal, S.; Acharya, R.P.; Alenazy, A.A.; Kandel, P. Impact of Land Cover Change on Ecosystem Services in a Tropical Forested Landscape. Resources 2019, 8, 18.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Resources EISSN 2079-9276 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top