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Resources 2019, 8(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources8010017

Cryogenic Resources: Ice, Snow, and Permafrost in Traditional Subsistence Systems in Russia

1
Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS, P.O. Box 1230, 625000 Tyumen, Russia
2
International Institute of Cryology and Cryosophy, Tyumen State University, 6 Volodarskogo st., 625003 Tyumen, Russia
Received: 2 December 2018 / Revised: 26 December 2018 / Accepted: 10 January 2019 / Published: 12 January 2019
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Abstract

This article is devoted to the study of the role of natural cryogenic resources in the traditional subsistence systems of the people of Russia. The main source of the actual information and the empirical basis reflecting the features of traditional ecological knowledge of the ethnic groups considered in the article are the scientific publications and ethnographic descriptions made by Russian researchers in the second half of the 19th century through to the beginning of the 21st century, and the results of our modern field research in the territory of Siberia and the Far East of Russia. The methodology of the study lies in the field of ethnoecology, and contains comparative and typological approaches, which have allowed for the detection and systematization of the main spheres of using natural cryogenic resources in traditional subsistence systems by the people of Russia, which include using the environment for indigenous subsistence, building materials, food preservation, obtaining potable water, the irrigation of crops, etc. In conclusion, some of the prospective for the ethnoecological examination of the role of the natural cryogenic resources in traditional subsistence systems were designated, and adaptations to modern innovative technologies based on the rational use of natural resources were also examined. View Full-Text
Keywords: cryogenic resources; Russia; subsistence; ethnoecology; traditional ecological knowledge cryogenic resources; Russia; subsistence; ethnoecology; traditional ecological knowledge
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Fedorov, R. Cryogenic Resources: Ice, Snow, and Permafrost in Traditional Subsistence Systems in Russia. Resources 2019, 8, 17.

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