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Resources 2018, 7(4), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7040070

Hemp Cables, a Sustainable Alternative to Harmonic Steel for Cable Nets

Department of Engineering and Geology, G. D’Annunzio University, viale Pindaro 42, 65127 Pescara, Italy
Received: 6 September 2018 / Revised: 24 October 2018 / Accepted: 30 October 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
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Abstract

Recent developments in the field of materials engineering have allowed for the use of natural materials for common structural elements, instead of traditional materials, such as steel or concrete. In this context, hemp is a very interesting material for structural building design. This paper proposes the use of hemp cables for roofs with hyperbolic paraboloid cable nets, which sees the use of a sustainable material for structure, thus having a very low environmental impact, in terms of structural thickness and amount of material. The paper discusses five different plan sizes and two different hyperbolic paraboloid surface radius of curvatures. The cable traction, which gives the cable net stiffness, was varied in order to give a parametric database of structural response. Three dimensional geometrically nonlinear analyses were carried out on different geometries (i.e., 10), cable net stiffnesses (i.e., 8), and materials (i.e., 2). Traditional harmonic steel and hemp cables are compared, in terms of vertical displacements and natural periods under dead and permanent loads. View Full-Text
Keywords: hemp cables; tensile structures; cable net; modal analyses; design trends hemp cables; tensile structures; cable net; modal analyses; design trends
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Viskovic, A. Hemp Cables, a Sustainable Alternative to Harmonic Steel for Cable Nets. Resources 2018, 7, 70.

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