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Resources 2018, 7(4), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7040063

Extraction of γ-Alumina from Low-Cost Kaolin

Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Hashemite University, P.O. Box 150459, Zarqa 13115, Jordan
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Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 19 September 2018 / Accepted: 20 September 2018 / Published: 25 September 2018
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Abstract

A combined process is proposed for the utilization of local kaolin to produce alumina particles. The applied process is made in two stages: calcination at 700 °C with sodium chloride and leaching with sulfuric followed by hydrochloric acids. The optimal extraction efficiency can be obtained when the conditions are as follows: leaching temperature is at 140 °C, leaching time is 3 h 45 min and concentration of sulfuric acid is 40 wt.%. The results show that the purity of alumina reaches 79.28%, which is suitable for the production of aluminum metal. It is evident that this method of extraction of alumina from the kaolin ash is practical and feasible. The structural and morphological properties of the calcined microcrystalline powder was characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope (SEM). View Full-Text
Keywords: alumina extraction; acid leaching; kaolin; calcination alumina extraction; acid leaching; kaolin; calcination
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Ibrahim, K.M.; Moumani, M.K.; Mohammad, S.K. Extraction of γ-Alumina from Low-Cost Kaolin. Resources 2018, 7, 63.

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