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Resources 2018, 7(4), 62; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7040062

Ten Steps Qualitative Modelling: Development and Validation of Conceptual Institutional-Social-Ecological Model of Public Open Space (POS) Governance and Quality

1
Faculty of Built Environment & Surveying (Urban and Regional Planning), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
2
Faculty of Built Environment & Surveying (Architecture), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 17 September 2018 / Accepted: 19 September 2018 / Published: 21 September 2018
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Abstract

Compared to the literature on quantitative and statistical modelling, there is a lack of research on qualitative environmental-related modelling, which focuses on a conceptual-theory-based model. Therefore, this paper attempts to formulate a qualitative institutional-social-ecological model, by showcasing how the 10 steps modelling is relevant and is applied to the institutional-property-rights model of neighbourhood residential commons. Using an instance from one case study (i.e., Sabah, Malaysia), a conceptual problem-solution model describing local property-rights system tragedies of public open space (POS) governance and quality, and the emergence of self-governing collective action was demonstrated. Methodologically, the modelling procedures were specified as a 10-step process, starting with setting the objectives of the model and concluding with the validation of suitability and usefulness of the model. The validation was conducted using the experts’ opinion, via the semi-structured interviews with five public officials. With slight necessary amendments, the model was proven practical, useful, flexible, reliable and valid in serving its purposes in understanding and predicting the effects of local property-rights system tragedies on POS commons dilemmas, and the subsequent emergence and necessity of a self-governing solution. This local model provides policy insights to the local public officials, which facilitate their institutional-social-ecological decision-making process that helps improve local POS governance and quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: institutional-social-ecological model; 10-step modelling; conceptual theory-based problem-solution model; qualitative model development and validation; property-rights system; transaction costs; neighbourhood residential public open space (POS) quality; governance institutional-social-ecological model; 10-step modelling; conceptual theory-based problem-solution model; qualitative model development and validation; property-rights system; transaction costs; neighbourhood residential public open space (POS) quality; governance
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Ling, G.H.T.; Leng, P.C. Ten Steps Qualitative Modelling: Development and Validation of Conceptual Institutional-Social-Ecological Model of Public Open Space (POS) Governance and Quality. Resources 2018, 7, 62.

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