Next Article in Journal
The Economics of Mitigation of Water Pollution Externalities from Biomass Production for Energy
Previous Article in Journal
Resilience Attributes of Social-Ecological Systems: Framing Metrics for Management
Article

The Economics of Bulk Water Transport in Southern California

Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Resources 2014, 3(4), 703-720; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources3040703
Received: 5 October 2014 / Revised: 26 November 2014 / Accepted: 27 November 2014 / Published: 3 December 2014
Municipalities often face increasing demand for limited water supplies with few available alternative sources. Under some circumstances, bulk water transport may offer a viable alternative. This case study documents a hypothetical transfer between a water utility district in northern California and urban communities located on the coast of central and southern California. We compare bulk water transport costs to those of constructing a new desalination facility, which is the current plan of many communities for increasing supplies. We find that using water bags to transport fresh water between northern and southern California is in some instances a low-cost alternative to desalination. The choice is constrained, however, by concerns about reliability and, thus, risk. Case-study results demonstrate the challenges of water supply augmentation in water-constrained regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: water transfers; bulk water transport; transaction costs; California water transfers; bulk water transport; transaction costs; California
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hodges, A.; Hansen, K.; McLeod, D. The Economics of Bulk Water Transport in Southern California. Resources 2014, 3, 703-720. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources3040703

AMA Style

Hodges A, Hansen K, McLeod D. The Economics of Bulk Water Transport in Southern California. Resources. 2014; 3(4):703-720. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources3040703

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hodges, Andrew, Kristiana Hansen, and Donald McLeod. 2014. "The Economics of Bulk Water Transport in Southern California" Resources 3, no. 4: 703-720. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources3040703

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop