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On the Management of Nature-Based Solutions in Open-Air Laboratories: New Insights and Future Perspectives

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Department of Physics and Astronomy “Augusto Righi” (DIFA), University of Bologna, 40127 Bologna, Italy
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Innovative Technologies Centre (ITC), 11633 Athens, Greece
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School of Architecture, Planning and Environmental Policy, University College Dublin, Richview, Clonskeagh, D14 E099 Dublin, Ireland
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Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE), Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
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Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy
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School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK
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Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR), Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece
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Natural Reosurces Unit, Natural Resources Institute Finland, Latokartanonkaari 9, FI-00790 Helsinki, Finland
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National Observatory of Athens, Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications, and Remote Sensing (IAASARS), Vas. Pavlou & I. Metaxa, 15236 Athens, Greece
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Hydro-Meteo-Climate Service of the Agency for Prevention, Environment and Energy of Emilia-Romagna (Arpae-SIMC), 40138 Bologna, Italy
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Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, CMCC, Ocean Predictions and Applications Division, 73100 Lecce, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio A. R. Ioris
Resources 2021, 10(4), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10040036
Received: 22 March 2021 / Revised: 9 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 April 2021 / Published: 15 April 2021
The adoption of Nature-Based Solutions (NBSs) represents a novel means to mitigate natural hazards. In the framework of the OPERANDUM project, this study introduces a methodology to assess the efficiency of the NBSs and a series of Open-Air Laboratories (OALs) regarded as a proof-of-concept for the wider uptake of NBSs. The OALs are located in Finland, Greece, UK, Italy, and Ireland. The methodology is based on a wide modeling activity, incorporated in the context of future climate scenarios. Herein, we present a series of models’ chains able to estimate the efficiency of the NBSs. While the presented models are mainly well-established, their coupling represents a first fundamental step in the study of the long-term efficacy and impact of the NBSs. In the selected sites, NBSs are utilized to cope with distinct natural hazards: floods, droughts, landslides, salt intrusion, and nutrient and sediment loading. The study of the efficacy of NBSs to mitigate these hazards belongs to a series of works devoted to the implementation of NBSs for environmental purposes. Our findings prove that land management plays a crucial role in the process. Specifically, the selected NBSs include intensive forestry; the conversion of urban areas to grassland; dunes; marine seagrass; water retention ponds; live cribwalls; and high-density plantations of woody vegetation and deep-rooted herbaceous vegetation. The management of natural resources should eventually consider the effect of NBSs on urban and rural areas, as their employment is becoming widespread. View Full-Text
Keywords: nature-based solutions; nature-based solutions efficiency; open-air laboratories; natural hazard; climate change; mitigation policies; numerical models; land use nature-based solutions; nature-based solutions efficiency; open-air laboratories; natural hazard; climate change; mitigation policies; numerical models; land use
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gallotti, G.; Santo, M.A.; Apostolidou, I.; Alessandri, J.; Armigliato, A.; Basu, B.; Debele, S.; Domeneghetti, A.; Gonzalez-Ollauri, A.; Kumar, P.; Mentzafou, A.; Pilla, F.; Pulvirenti, B.; Ruggieri, P.; Sahani, J.; Salmivaara, A.; Basu, A.S.; Spyrou, C.; Pinardi, N.; Toth, E.; Unguendoli, S.; Pillai, U.P.A.; Valentini, A.; Varlas, G.; Verri, G.; Zaniboni, F.; Di Sabatino, S. On the Management of Nature-Based Solutions in Open-Air Laboratories: New Insights and Future Perspectives. Resources 2021, 10, 36. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10040036

AMA Style

Gallotti G, Santo MA, Apostolidou I, Alessandri J, Armigliato A, Basu B, Debele S, Domeneghetti A, Gonzalez-Ollauri A, Kumar P, Mentzafou A, Pilla F, Pulvirenti B, Ruggieri P, Sahani J, Salmivaara A, Basu AS, Spyrou C, Pinardi N, Toth E, Unguendoli S, Pillai UPA, Valentini A, Varlas G, Verri G, Zaniboni F, Di Sabatino S. On the Management of Nature-Based Solutions in Open-Air Laboratories: New Insights and Future Perspectives. Resources. 2021; 10(4):36. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10040036

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gallotti, Glauco, Marco A. Santo, Ilektra Apostolidou, Jacopo Alessandri, Alberto Armigliato, Bidroha Basu, Sisay Debele, Alessio Domeneghetti, Alejandro Gonzalez-Ollauri, Prashant Kumar, Angeliki Mentzafou, Francesco Pilla, Beatrice Pulvirenti, Paolo Ruggieri, Jeetendra Sahani, Aura Salmivaara, Arunima S. Basu, Christos Spyrou, Nadia Pinardi, Elena Toth, Silvia Unguendoli, Umesh P.A. Pillai, Andrea Valentini, George Varlas, Giorgia Verri, Filippo Zaniboni, and Silvana Di Sabatino. 2021. "On the Management of Nature-Based Solutions in Open-Air Laboratories: New Insights and Future Perspectives" Resources 10, no. 4: 36. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10040036

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