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Article

Water Resources, Forced Migration and Tensions with Host Communities in the Nigerian Part of the Lake Chad Basin

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Research Group Climate Change and Security (CLISEC), Institute of Geography, Center for Earth System, Research and Sustainability (CEN), University of Hamburg, 20144 Hamburg, Germany
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School of Integrated Climate System Sciences (SICSS), University of Hamburg, 20144 Hamburg, Germany
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Research Group Landuse Conflicts, Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Koblenz-Landau, 76829 Landau, Germany
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Peace Academy Rhineland-Palatinate, University of Koblenz-Landau, 76829 Landau, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio A. R. Ioris
Resources 2021, 10(4), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10040027
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 19 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 28 March 2021
The Lake Chad region is facing a nexus of interconnected problems including fragility, violent conflict, forced displacement, and scarcity of water and other resources, further aggravated by climate change. Focusing on northeast Nigeria, this study aims to answer the following questions: (1) What role does access to water and farming play in out-migration and return in northeast Nigeria? (2) What is the potential of tensions between internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host communities? Data for this study were collected between March and May 2019 by interviewing 304 local residents and IDPs in northeast Nigeria, as well as experts on migration, environmental, humanitarian and conflict-related issues in research centers and governmental institutions in Abuja. Given the pronounced water scarcity in the region, the results show that between 47% and 95% of rural community members interviewed in northeast Nigeria would be willing to migrate in cases of water scarcity. At the time of study, only 2.5% to 7% of respondents had migrated previously in response to water scarcity, indicating that insecurity and conflict were, however, more relevant drivers of displacement. Regarding our second research question, we find a potential for tensions between IDPs and host communities, as 85% of the interviewed host community members oppose the presence of the IDPs. Hence, measures are needed to improve relations between the two groups. In order to avoid a future scenario where water scarcity becomes a significant driver of migration, efficient management of water resources is paramount. Such action would not only address the issue of migration, but also strengthen the resilience of communities in northern Nigeria. View Full-Text
Keywords: water; migration; agriculture; tensions; Lake Chad basin; Nigeria water; migration; agriculture; tensions; Lake Chad basin; Nigeria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kamta, F.N.; Schilling, J.; Scheffran, J. Water Resources, Forced Migration and Tensions with Host Communities in the Nigerian Part of the Lake Chad Basin. Resources 2021, 10, 27. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10040027

AMA Style

Kamta FN, Schilling J, Scheffran J. Water Resources, Forced Migration and Tensions with Host Communities in the Nigerian Part of the Lake Chad Basin. Resources. 2021; 10(4):27. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10040027

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kamta, Frederic N., Janpeter Schilling, and Jürgen Scheffran. 2021. "Water Resources, Forced Migration and Tensions with Host Communities in the Nigerian Part of the Lake Chad Basin" Resources 10, no. 4: 27. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources10040027

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