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Open AccessArticle

A Multi-Methodology Approach to Creating a Causal Loop Diagram

1
Griffith Institute for Tourism, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus 4222, Australia
2
School of Engineering and Built Environment, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus 4222, Australia
3
Griffith Climate Change Response Program, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus 4222, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Systems 2019, 7(3), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems7030042
Received: 7 May 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 15 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
PDF [1974 KB, uploaded 16 August 2019]

Abstract

Developing causal loop diagrams (CLDs) involves identifying stakeholders and endogenous variables and formulating variable causal relationships. Traditionally, the CLDs are developed mainly using a qualitative approach such as literature review, observations and interviews with stakeholders. However, modellers may question which stakeholders should be approached, whether the relevant variables are selected, and what to do when stakeholders perceive different variable relationships in the CLDs differently. Applying in a case study, this research proposes a multi-method approach by combining both quantitative and qualitative methods to select stakeholders, identify endogenous/exogenous variables, and develop the CLDs. The proposed quantitative method is expected to provide modellers with a justifiable stakeholder and variable selection process. The method also highlights possible hidden variables and relationships, which were further explored with a traditional qualitative approach.
Keywords: causal loop diagram; multi-methodology approach; structural analysis causal loop diagram; multi-methodology approach; structural analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dhirasasna, N.; Sahin, O. A Multi-Methodology Approach to Creating a Causal Loop Diagram. Systems 2019, 7, 42.

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