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Research Challenges for the Internet of Things: What Role Can OR Play?

1
Defence Science & Technology Group, Fishermans Bend VIC 3207, Australia
2
72 Glenburnie Rd, Vermont VIC 3133, Australia
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Academic Editor: Ockie Bosch
Systems 2017, 5(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems5010024
Received: 16 December 2016 / Revised: 18 February 2017 / Accepted: 8 March 2017 / Published: 14 March 2017
The Internet of Things (IoT) is an extension of the Internet in which large numbers of “things”, including sensors, actuators and processors, in addition to human users, are networked and able to provide high resolution data on their environment and exercise a degree of control over it. It is still at an early stage of development, and many problems/research challenges must be solved before it is widely adopted. Many of these are technical, including interoperability and scalability, as billions of heterogeneous devices will be connected, but deciding on how to invest in the IoT is a challenge for business, and there are also major social, legal and ethical challenges, including security and privacy of data collection, which must be resolved. As the future IoT will be a multi-national, multi-industry, multi-technology infrastructure, the paper reviews the global standardization efforts that are underway to facilitate its worldwide creation and adoption. The main purpose of the paper is to give a broad survey, based on published literature, of the methods of Operations Research (OR), both the mathematical tools and techniques of “hard” OR, and the various approaches of Systems Thinking, including “soft” OR, which may assist in dealing with these problems. A subset of these is described in greater depth to better convey what might be involved in applying OR and Systems Thinking to the IoT. It is suggested that OR has a role to play in balancing the technical and non-technical research challenges which confront the IoT. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Things; Operations Research; hard OR; soft OR; Data Analytics; Soft Systems Methodology; Systems Thinking; General Systems Theory; Complexity Theory Internet of Things; Operations Research; hard OR; soft OR; Data Analytics; Soft Systems Methodology; Systems Thinking; General Systems Theory; Complexity Theory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ryan, P.J.; Watson, R.B. Research Challenges for the Internet of Things: What Role Can OR Play? Systems 2017, 5, 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems5010024

AMA Style

Ryan PJ, Watson RB. Research Challenges for the Internet of Things: What Role Can OR Play? Systems. 2017; 5(1):24. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems5010024

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ryan, Peter J.; Watson, Richard B. 2017. "Research Challenges for the Internet of Things: What Role Can OR Play?" Systems 5, no. 1: 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems5010024

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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