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Review

The Dawn of the Age of Multi-Parent MAGIC Populations in Plant Breeding: Novel Powerful Next-Generation Resources for Genetic Analysis and Selection of Recombinant Elite Material

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Instituto de Conservacióny Mejora de la Agrodiversidad Valenciana, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera 14, 46022 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Biotechnology-Plant Biology, School of Agricultural, Food and Biosystems Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba 305-8572, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biology 2020, 9(8), 229; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology9080229
Received: 30 July 2020 / Revised: 13 August 2020 / Accepted: 13 August 2020 / Published: 16 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Science)
The compelling need to increase global agricultural production requires new breeding approaches that facilitate exploiting the diversity available in the plant genetic resources. Multi-parent advanced generation inter-cross (MAGIC) populations are large sets of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) that are a genetic mosaic of multiple founder parents. MAGIC populations display emerging features over experimental bi-parental and germplasm populations in combining significant levels of genetic recombination, a lack of genetic structure, and high genetic and phenotypic diversity. The development of MAGIC populations can be performed using “funnel” or “diallel” cross-designs, which are of great relevance choosing appropriate parents and defining optimal population sizes. Significant advances in specific software development are facilitating the genetic analysis of the complex genetic constitutions of MAGIC populations. Despite the complexity and the resources required in their development, due to their potential and interest for breeding, the number of MAGIC populations available and under development is continuously growing, with 45 MAGIC populations in different crops being reported here. Though cereals are by far the crop group where more MAGIC populations have been developed, MAGIC populations have also started to become available in other crop groups. The results obtained so far demonstrate that MAGIC populations are a very powerful tool for the dissection of complex traits, as well as a resource for the selection of recombinant elite breeding material and cultivars. In addition, some new MAGIC approaches that can make significant contributions to breeding, such as the development of inter-specific MAGIC populations, the development of MAGIC-like populations in crops where pure lines are not available, and the establishment of strategies for the straightforward incorporation of MAGIC materials in breeding pipelines, have barely been explored. The evidence that is already available indicates that MAGIC populations will play a major role in the coming years in allowing for impressive gains in plant breeding for developing new generations of dramatically improved cultivars. View Full-Text
Keywords: MAGIC population; mapping populations; RILs; QTLs; association analysis; breeding resources; public–private partnerships; climate change MAGIC population; mapping populations; RILs; QTLs; association analysis; breeding resources; public–private partnerships; climate change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arrones, A.; Vilanova, S.; Plazas, M.; Mangino, G.; Pascual, L.; Díez, M.J.; Prohens, J.; Gramazio, P. The Dawn of the Age of Multi-Parent MAGIC Populations in Plant Breeding: Novel Powerful Next-Generation Resources for Genetic Analysis and Selection of Recombinant Elite Material. Biology 2020, 9, 229. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology9080229

AMA Style

Arrones A, Vilanova S, Plazas M, Mangino G, Pascual L, Díez MJ, Prohens J, Gramazio P. The Dawn of the Age of Multi-Parent MAGIC Populations in Plant Breeding: Novel Powerful Next-Generation Resources for Genetic Analysis and Selection of Recombinant Elite Material. Biology. 2020; 9(8):229. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology9080229

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arrones, Andrea, Santiago Vilanova, Mariola Plazas, Giulio Mangino, Laura Pascual, María J. Díez, Jaime Prohens, and Pietro Gramazio. 2020. "The Dawn of the Age of Multi-Parent MAGIC Populations in Plant Breeding: Novel Powerful Next-Generation Resources for Genetic Analysis and Selection of Recombinant Elite Material" Biology 9, no. 8: 229. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology9080229

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