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The Vulnerability of Threatened Species: Adaptive Capability and Adaptation Opportunity
Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, OUCE, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QY, UK
Center for Social and Environmental Systems Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan
WWF-UK, Panda House, Weyside Park, Godalming, Surrey GU7 1XR, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 May 2013; in revised form: 30 May 2013 / Accepted: 31 May 2013 / Published: 1 July 2013
Abstract: Global targets to halt the loss of biodiversity have not been met, and there is now an additional Aichi target for preventing the extinction of known threatened species and improving their conservation status. Climate change increasingly needs to be factored in to these, and thus there is a need to identify the extent to which it could increase species vulnerability. This paper uses the exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity framework to assess the vulnerability of a selection of WWF global priority large mammals and marine species to climate change. However, it divides adaptive capacity into adaptive capability and adaptation opportunity, in order to identify whether adaptation is more constrained by the biology of the species or by its environmental setting. Lack of evidence makes it difficult to apply the framework consistently across the species, but it was found that, particularly for the terrestrial mammals, adaptation opportunities seems to be the greater constraint. This framework and analysis could be used by conservationists and those wishing to enhance the resilience of species to climate change.
Keywords: climate change; adaptation capacity; vulnerability; adaptation capability; adaptation opportunity; conservation; mammals; priority species; marine
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MDPI and ACS Style
Berry, P.; Ogawa-Onishi, Y.; McVey, A. The Vulnerability of Threatened Species: Adaptive Capability and Adaptation Opportunity. Biology 2013, 2, 872-893.
Berry P, Ogawa-Onishi Y, McVey A. The Vulnerability of Threatened Species: Adaptive Capability and Adaptation Opportunity. Biology. 2013; 2(3):872-893.
Berry, Pam; Ogawa-Onishi, Yuko; McVey, Andrew. 2013. "The Vulnerability of Threatened Species: Adaptive Capability and Adaptation Opportunity." Biology 2, no. 3: 872-893.