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Article

Sucrose Is Not the Whole Story: Risk Factors and Oral Health at the Contact (Yakutia, Siberia-16th/19th)

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Centre d’Anthropobiologie et de Génomique de Toulouse, Faculté de Médecine Purpan, Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse III, 37 Allées Jules Guesde, 31073 Toulouse, France
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Laboratoire International Associé CNRS/Fédération de Russie COSIE, 31073 Toulouse, France
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Institut National de Recherches Archéologiques Préventives (INRAP), 13 Rue du Négoce, 31650 Saint-Orens-de-Gameville, France
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CNRS, EFS, ADES, Aix Marseille Université, 13005 Marseille, France
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Institute of Modern Languages and Regional Studies, North-Eastern Federal University, 58 Belinskogo Street, 677000 Yakutsk, Russia
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Medical Institute of the North-Eastern Federal University, Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, 58 Belinskogo Street, 677000 Yakutsk, Russia
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BABEL, CNRS UMR 2029, Université Paris V Descartes, 75006 Paris, France
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Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, Albert-Ludwigs Universität, 79098 Freiburg, Germany
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Department of Medical Specialties and Public Health (Forensic and Legal Medicine Area), Faculty of Health Sciences, Rey Juan Carlos University, Avenida de Atenas s/n, 28933 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the work.
Biology 2021, 10(10), 974; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10100974
Received: 19 July 2021 / Revised: 21 September 2021 / Accepted: 22 September 2021 / Published: 27 September 2021
We have studied the dental epidemiology of 96 frozen bodies from north-eastern Siberia (Yakuts) before and after the contact—with an accurate chronology–between Autochthonous and European populations. The peculiarities of the Yakut population are the rarity of cavities and the relative frequency of dental pathologies leading to death. Dental health evolves only two centuries after the contact; assimilation into the Russian Orthodox culture has decreased tooth wear and increased tooth loss. A comparison with historical data suggests that this evolution is not linked to the increasing importance of sucrose, but to the combined action of the substitution of dendrophagia with cereal flour; a decrease in immunity associated with the development of chronic infectious diseases; smoking as well as the mandibular torus: a risk factor favoring apical cysts.
(1) Background: contact between indigenous and European populations has often resulted in changes in oral health attributed to the introduction of sucrose. Most studies are per tooth over considerable periods and with few ethnological references. (2) Aim: dental epidemiology of 96 autochthonous frozen bodies from Yakutia between the early 17th century and the late 19th century; comparisons with historical texts and ethnographic data. (3) Material and methods: we use descriptive statistics and discriminant factorial analyses to identify dominant variables in the dataset and compare periods and subjects, considering all variables. (4) Results: the peculiarities of the population are the rarity of cavities and the relative frequency of dental pathologies leading to death. Assimilation into the Russian Orthodox culture has led to decreased tooth wear and an increase in tooth loss. Dental health evolves only two centuries after the contact. (5) Conclusions: the confrontation with historical data suggests that changes are not related to the growing importance of sucrose but to a combined action: the substitution of dendrophagy by cereal flour; the decrease in immunity linked to the development of chronic infectious diseases; tobacco addiction and the mandibular torus: a risk factor promoting apical cysts. View Full-Text
Keywords: wear; tooth loss; abscess; cysts; para-masticatory activities; dendrophagia; tobacco addition; oral exostoses; torus mandibularis; torus palatinus wear; tooth loss; abscess; cysts; para-masticatory activities; dendrophagia; tobacco addition; oral exostoses; torus mandibularis; torus palatinus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Crubézy, E.; Duchesne, S.; Razafindrazaka, H.; Romanova, L.; Gérard, P.; Alcouffe, A.; Esclassan, R.; Melnichuk, O.; Ushnitsky, I.; Ludes, B.; Telmon, N.; Tegel, W.; Dabernat, H.; Zvenigorosky, V.; Prados-Frutos, J.C. Sucrose Is Not the Whole Story: Risk Factors and Oral Health at the Contact (Yakutia, Siberia-16th/19th). Biology 2021, 10, 974. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10100974

AMA Style

Crubézy E, Duchesne S, Razafindrazaka H, Romanova L, Gérard P, Alcouffe A, Esclassan R, Melnichuk O, Ushnitsky I, Ludes B, Telmon N, Tegel W, Dabernat H, Zvenigorosky V, Prados-Frutos JC. Sucrose Is Not the Whole Story: Risk Factors and Oral Health at the Contact (Yakutia, Siberia-16th/19th). Biology. 2021; 10(10):974. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10100974

Chicago/Turabian Style

Crubézy, Eric, Sylvie Duchesne, Harilanto Razafindrazaka, Liubomira Romanova, Patrice Gérard, Ameline Alcouffe, Rémi Esclassan, Olga Melnichuk, Innokenty Ushnitsky, Bertrand Ludes, Norbert Telmon, Willy Tegel, Henri Dabernat, Vincent Zvenigorosky, and Juan C. Prados-Frutos 2021. "Sucrose Is Not the Whole Story: Risk Factors and Oral Health at the Contact (Yakutia, Siberia-16th/19th)" Biology 10, no. 10: 974. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10100974

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