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Reporting Guidelines for Whole-Body Vibration Studies in Humans, Animals and Cell Cultures: A Consensus Statement from an International Group of Experts

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Department of Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
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Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), 51147 Cologne, Germany
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Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University of Cologne, D50931 Cologne, Germany
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Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
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Departamento de Educación Física y Deporte, Universidad de Sevilla, 41013 Seville, Spain
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Escola Superior de Saúde Fernando Pessoa, 4200-253 Porto, Portugal
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Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, University of Groningen, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands
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Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Rostock, 18147 Rostock, Germany
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Department of Morphology and Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Semmelweis University, H-1088 Budapest, Hungary
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Development Research, CYMO Research Institute, 47140 Valladolid, Spain
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MATIM, Department of Sport Science, Université de Reims Champagne Ardenne, 51100 Reims, France
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Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, D50931 Cologne, Germany
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Faculdade Bezerra de Araújo, Rio de Janeiro 23052-180, Brazil
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Laboratório de Vibrações Mecânicas e Práticas Integrativas, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes and Policlínica Piquet Carneiro, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20950-003, Brazil
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Molecular Neurobiology, Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences (GELIFES), University of Groningen, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tetsuya Shiuchi
Biology 2021, 10(10), 965; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10100965
Received: 30 August 2021 / Revised: 22 September 2021 / Accepted: 23 September 2021 / Published: 27 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Bodywork: Applications in Health, Disease, and Rehabilitation)
Whole-body vibration (WBV) is an exercise or treatment method used in sports, physiotherapy, and rehabilitation. During WBV, people sit, stand, or exercise on a platform that generates vibrations. These vibrations generally occur between 20 and 60 times per second and have a magnitude of one or several millimeters. Research is focused on the effects of WBV on, for instance, physical and cognitive functions as well as the underlying mechanisms that may explain the effects. Research is not only done in humans but in animals and cell cultures as well. It is important to report the studies correctly, completely, and consistently. This way, researchers can interpret and compare each other’s studies, and data of different studies can be combined and analyzed together. To serve this goal, we developed new guidelines on how to report on WBV studies. The guidelines include checklists for human and animal/cell culture research, explanations, and examples of how to report. We included information about devices, vibrations, administration, general protocol, and subjects. The guidelines are WBV-specific and can be used by researchers alongside general guidelines for specific research designs.
Whole-body vibration (WBV) is an exercise modality or treatment/prophylaxis method in which subjects (humans, animals, or cells) are exposed to mechanical vibrations through a vibrating platform or device. The vibrations are defined by their direction, frequency, magnitude, duration, and the number of daily bouts. Subjects can be exposed while performing exercises, hold postures, sitting, or lying down. Worldwide, WBV has attracted significant attention, and the number of studies is rising. To interpret, compare, and aggregate studies, the correct, complete, and consistent reporting of WBV-specific data (WBV parameters) is critical. Specific reporting guidelines aid in accomplishing this goal. There was a need to expand existing guidelines because of continuous developments in the field of WBV research, including but not limited to new outcome measures regarding brain function and cognition, modified designs of WBV platforms and attachments (e.g., mounting a chair on a platform), and comparisons of animal and cell culture studies with human studies. Based on Delphi studies among experts and using EQUATOR recommendations, we have developed extended reporting guidelines with checklists for human and animal/cell culture research, including information on devices, vibrations, administration, general protocol, and subjects. In addition, we provide explanations and examples of how to report. These new reporting guidelines are specific to WBV variables and do not target research designs in general. Researchers are encouraged to use the new WBV guidelines in addition to general design-specific guidelines. View Full-Text
Keywords: checklist; EQUATOR; vibration exercise; vibration therapy; writing checklist; EQUATOR; vibration exercise; vibration therapy; writing
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Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

van Heuvelen, M.J.G.; Rittweger, J.; Judex, S.; Sañudo, B.; Seixas, A.; Fuermaier, A.B.M.; Tucha, O.; Nyakas, C.; Marín, P.J.; Taiar, R.; Stark, C.; Schoenau, E.; Sá-Caputo, D.C.; Bernardo-Filho, M.; van der Zee, E.A. Reporting Guidelines for Whole-Body Vibration Studies in Humans, Animals and Cell Cultures: A Consensus Statement from an International Group of Experts. Biology 2021, 10, 965. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10100965

AMA Style

van Heuvelen MJG, Rittweger J, Judex S, Sañudo B, Seixas A, Fuermaier ABM, Tucha O, Nyakas C, Marín PJ, Taiar R, Stark C, Schoenau E, Sá-Caputo DC, Bernardo-Filho M, van der Zee EA. Reporting Guidelines for Whole-Body Vibration Studies in Humans, Animals and Cell Cultures: A Consensus Statement from an International Group of Experts. Biology. 2021; 10(10):965. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10100965

Chicago/Turabian Style

van Heuvelen, Marieke J.G., Jörn Rittweger, Stefan Judex, Borja Sañudo, Adérito Seixas, Anselm B.M. Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha, Csaba Nyakas, Pedro J. Marín, Redha Taiar, Christina Stark, Eckhard Schoenau, Danúbia C. Sá-Caputo, Mario Bernardo-Filho, and Eddy A. van der Zee 2021. "Reporting Guidelines for Whole-Body Vibration Studies in Humans, Animals and Cell Cultures: A Consensus Statement from an International Group of Experts" Biology 10, no. 10: 965. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10100965

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