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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Influence of the Hamaker Constant on the Value of the Critical Thickness of Foam Films

Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Shumen, Shumen 9700, Bulgaria
Coatings 2019, 9(9), 576; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9090576
Received: 31 July 2019 / Revised: 1 September 2019 / Accepted: 9 September 2019 / Published: 10 September 2019
The aim of the present study was to check the influence of the Hamaker constant (A(h)) on the calculated critical thickness of foam films. It was done by a comparison between the experimental data of the critical thickness and the theoretically obtained data with different values of (A(h)), which take part in the equations of Radoev, Scheludko, Manev, and Vrij. We calculated the latter for film thicknesses from 15 to 70 nm based on several equations. We used the experimental data of hcr (average value of critical thickness and measured once, in the place of a spot appearance) for foam films stabilized by non-ionic surfactant n-dodecyl-β-D-maltoside (C12G2) or by cationic surfactant n-dodecyl trimethylammonium bromide (C12TAB), as measured by the interferometric method. The foam films were produced from solutions with surfactant concentration at CMC (Critical Micelle Concentration) in the presence of 0.1 M NaBr. For films of C12G2, the best correspondence was found between measured hcr (in the spot) and calculated ones by the RShM equation using effective A(h) (introduced by Coons et al.) or Vassilieff’s values, but with a correction for the added electrolyte. For films stabilized by C12TAB, a difference between the measured and theoretically calculated hcr was found, which was probably due to the nature of the surfactant. Nevertheless, this difference was smallest when calculated hcr values were obtained with data for Aeff (h) and Vassilieff’s A(h) constant, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hamaker constant; foam films; critical thickness; drainage coefficient; surfactant Hamaker constant; foam films; critical thickness; drainage coefficient; surfactant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ivanova-Stancheva, D. Influence of the Hamaker Constant on the Value of the Critical Thickness of Foam Films. Coatings 2019, 9, 576.

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