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Investigation of Heat Transfer Properties of Plasma-Treated and Silicone-Elastomer Coated Basalt Fabric

School of Textile Science and Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjing 300387, China
Institute for Frontier Materials, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria 3216, Australia
CSIRO Manufacturing, Geelong Victoria 3216, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2019, 9(5), 292;
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 25 April 2019 / Published: 28 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coatings Based on Green Materials and Processes)
PDF [3234 KB, uploaded 28 April 2019]


In this study, the effect of pre-plasma treatment on the adsorption of silicone to enhance the heat transfer resistance of basalt fabric for protective clothing was investigated. Fabrics were treated with plasma prior to surface coating. Changes to the un-sized basalt fibre surface were characterized by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), scanning probe microscopy (SPM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and contact angle measurement. Furthermore, heat transfer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of basalt fabric coated with silicone were assessed. The results show that the different percentage add-ons of silicone had a significant effect on the heat transfer rate of the un-sized basalt fabric. Plasma treatment changed the fibres physically and enhanced the uniformity of the silicone coating. A combination of the plasma treatment and silicone coating revealed a significant difference in the heat transfer rate compared to the silicone-only coated basalt fabric. This finding can potentially be used to both engineer and tune the performance of protective clothing. View Full-Text
Keywords: basalt; plasma; heat transfer; coating; silicone; protective clothing basalt; plasma; heat transfer; coating; silicone; protective clothing

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, M.; Denning, R.; Zhong, Z.; Wang, X.; Shen, Y.; Naebe, M. Investigation of Heat Transfer Properties of Plasma-Treated and Silicone-Elastomer Coated Basalt Fabric. Coatings 2019, 9, 292.

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